Cliometrica

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 259–290 | Cite as

Regional specialisation and industry location in the long run: Spain in the US mirror (1856–2002)

Original Paper

Abstract

This paper studies the long-run pattern of regional specialisation in Spain for the period 1856–2002. We have obtained an inverted U-shape trend in manufacturing specialisation which is similar to that in the USA. Using a model that nests factor endowments and increasing returns, we find that both the latter influence manufacturing location, albeit with variations over time, factor endowments being the most decisive. Manufacturing industries intensive in agricultural and mining inputs are located near regions with these factor endowments, while human capital location gained importance from 1965 onwards. Being located near the market was also significant for some industries. The inverted U-shape observed in manufacturing specialisation is due to the fact that the importance of immobile factors increased regional specialisation. However, when mobile factors increased, as was the case with skilled labour, and when this factor converged across regions, specialisation decreased. The fact that the importance of central markets diminishing also contributed to this trend.

Keywords

Regional specialisation Industry location Factor endowments and increasing returns 

JEL Classification

R11 R12 N9 

References

  1. Amiti M (1997) Specialization patterns in Europe. Centre for Economic Performance, Discussion paper, 363, London School of EconomicsGoogle Scholar
  2. Bairoch P (1993) Economics and world history: myths and paradoxes. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  3. Betrán C (1999) Localización y difusión industrial en España durante el primer tercio del siglo XX. Rev Hist Ind 3:663–696Google Scholar
  4. Betrán C (2005) Natural resources, electrification and economic growth from the end of the nineteenth century until World War II. Rev Hist Econ Año XXIII 1:47–81Google Scholar
  5. Carreras A, Tafunell X (2005) Estadisticas Históricas de España, siglos XIX y XX. Bilbao, Fundación BBVAGoogle Scholar
  6. Crafts N (2005) Market potential in British regions, 1871–1931. Reg Stud 39(9):1159–1166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crafts N, Mulatu A (2005) What explains the location of industry in Britain, 1871–1931? J Econ Geogr 5:499–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davis D, Weinstein DE (2003) Market access, economic geography and comparative advantage: and empirical test. J Int Econ 59:1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dumais G, Ellison G, Glaeser EL (1997) Geographic concentration as a dynamic process. N. B. E. R. w.p.: 6270Google Scholar
  10. Ellison G, Glaeser EL (1997) Geographic concentration in U.S. manufacturing industries: a databoard approach. J Polit Econ 105(5):889–927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Estevadeordal A, Frantz B, Taylor AM (2003) The rise and fall of world trade, 1870–1939. Q J Econ CXVIII:359–407Google Scholar
  12. Germán L, Maluquer J, Zapata S (2001) Historia económica regional de España, siglos XIX y XX. Barcelona, CríticaGoogle Scholar
  13. Gómez Mendoza A (1982) Ferrocarriles y cambio económico en España, 1855–1913. Alianza Universidad, MadridGoogle Scholar
  14. Hanson GH (2001) Scale economies and the geographic concentration of industry. J Econ Geogr 1:255–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Henderson VJ (1994) Externalities and industrial development. N.B.E.R. w.p. n., 4730Google Scholar
  16. Henderson VJ (2003) Marshall’s scale economies. J Urban Econ 53:1–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Henderson VJ, Kuncuro A, Turner M (1995) Industrial development in cities. J Polit Econ 103(5):1067–1090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Herranz A (2005) La reducción de los costes de transporte en España (1800–1936). Cuadernos Económicos del ICE 70:183–203Google Scholar
  19. Keeble D, Owens P, Thompson C (1982) Regional accessibility and economic potential in the European community. Reg Stud 16:419–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kim S (1995) Expansion of markets and the geographic distribution of economic activities: the trend in the U.S. regional manufacturing structures, 1860–1987. Q J Econ 110(4):883–908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kim S (1998) Economic integration and converge: U.S. regions, 1840–1987. J Econ Hist 58(3):659–683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Krugman P (1980) Scale economies, product differentiation, and the pattern of trade. Am Econ Rev 70:950–959Google Scholar
  23. Krugman P (1991a) Increasing returns and economic geography. J Polit Econ 99(3):483–499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Krugman P (1991b) Geography and trade. The MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  25. Krugman P, Venables A (1990) Integration and the competitiveness of the peripheral industry. In: Bliss C, Braga De Macedo J (eds) Unity with diversity in the European community’s Southern frontier. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  26. Mas M, Perez F, Uriel E, y Serrano L (2005) Capital humano, Series históricas, 1964–2004. Valencia, IVIEGoogle Scholar
  27. Midelfart-Kanrvik KH, Overman HG, Redding SJ, Venables AJ (2000a) The location of European industry, Report for the Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs, European Commission, Economic papers, 142, published in (2002). Eur Econ 2:216–273Google Scholar
  28. Midelfart-Kanrvik KH, Overman HG, Redding SJ, Venables AJ (2000b) Comparative advantages and Economic geography: estimating the location of production in the EU. CEPR Discussion paper series, 2618Google Scholar
  29. Nadal J (1987) La industria fabril española en 1900. Una aproximación. In: Nadal J, Carreras A, Sudrià C (eds) La economía española en el siglo XX. Ariel, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  30. Prados de la Escosura L (2000) International comparisons of real product, 1820–1990: an alternative data set. Explor Econ Hist 37:1–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Prados de la Escosura L (2003) El progreso económico de España, 1850–2000. Fundación BBVA, BilbaoGoogle Scholar
  32. Rosés JR (2004) Why isn’t the whole of Spain industrialized? New economic geography and early industrialization, 1791–1910. J Econ Hist 63:995–1002Google Scholar
  33. Rosés JR, Martinez-Galarraga J, Tirado DA (2010) The upswing of regional income inequality in Spain (1860–1930). Explor Econ Hist 47:244–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tirado D, Paluzie E, Pons J (2002) Economic integration and industrial location: the case of Spain before World War I. J Econ Geogr 2:343–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Venables AJ (1996) Equilibrium locations of vertically linked industries. Int Econ Rev 37:341–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wolf N (2007) Endowments versus market potential: what explains the relocation of industry after the Polish reunification in 1918. Explor Econ Hist 44:22–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de EconomíaUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain

Personalised recommendations