Advertisement

Synthesis and characterization of new azo-dye reagent and using to spectrophotometric determination of samarium(III) in some industrial and blood samples

  • Badr Abd El-wahaabEmail author
  • Khaled Elgendy
  • Akram El-didamony
Original Paper
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

A new azo-dye reagent was prepared by the reaction between sulfacetamide and rutin compounds. The new synthesized reagent of (E)-N-((4-((5-(5,7-dihydroxy-3-3-[3-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyrano-syloxy]-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)-2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)diazenyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)acetamide [NDRGA] was characterized by FT-IR, 1HNMR, mass spectra and elemental analysis measurements and then used for the spectrophotometric determination of Sm(III). The proposed method was based on the formation of a lemon-colored complex between Sm(III) and NDGRA reagent in an alkaline medium using borate buffer at pH = 8 with absorption maximum at 475 nm. The method was enhanced by the use of cationic surfactant of cetylpyridinium bromide (CPB). Different factors affecting the formation and stability of the complex such as reagent concentration, time, temperature, solvents and order of addition were also studied. The composition of the complex was found to be 1:1 (metal: ligand) by using Job’s and molar ratio methods. The stability constant of the complex was calculated to be 1.1805 × 106. The method showed a good linearity in the concentration range of 2.0–90 µg ml−1 of Sm(III) with molar absorptivity and Sandell’s sensitivity 1.3014 × 104 L mol−1 cm−1 and 1.155 × 10−2 µg cm−2, respectively. The limit of quantification (LOQ) and detection (LOD) were calculated. The interference effect of some foreign ions was also studied. The validity of the calibration curve was found useful for the determination of micro-amounts of Sm(III) in some industrial and blood samples.

Keywords

Spectrophotometry Samarium(III) Azo-dye reagent Beer’s law Stability constant Industrial and blood samples 

Notes

References

  1. Bower VE, Bates RG (1955) pH values of the Clark and Lubs buffer solutions at 25° C. J Res Natl Bur Stand 55:197–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Britton HTS (1952) Hydrogen ions, vol 28, 4th edn. Chapman and Hall, London, pp 359–364Google Scholar
  3. Gadzhieva SR, Guseinov FE, Chyragov FM (2005) Spectrophotometric study of the complexation of samarium(III) with disodium 2-(2-hydroxy-3-sulfo-5-nitrophenylazo)naphthalene-1,8-dihydroxy-3,6-disulfonate in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. J Anal Chem 60:819–821.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10809-005-0188-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Job P (1928) Formation and stability of inorganic complexes in solution. Ann Chim 9:113–203Google Scholar
  5. Li B, Sun Y, Yin J (1999) Determination of cerium, neodymium and samarium in biological materials at low levels by isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. J Anal At Spectrom 14:1843–1848.  https://doi.org/10.1039/A905346H CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Li Y, Yu H, Zheng S, Miao Y, Yin S, Li P, Bian Y (2016) Direct quantification of rare earth elements concentrations in urine of workers manufacturing cerium, lanthanum oxide ultrafine and nanoparticles by a developed and validated ICP-MS. Int J Environ Res Public Health 13:1–10.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030350 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lurie JU (1978) Handbook of analytical chemistry, 2nd edn. Mir Publishers, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  8. Makombe M, Horst CV, Silwana B, Iwuoha E, Somerset V (2018) Voltammetric and spectroscopic determination of rare earth elements in fresh and surface water samples. Environments 5:1–10.  https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5100112 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mehmood M (2018) Rare earth elements-a review. J Ecol Nat Resour 2:1–6.  https://doi.org/10.23880/jenr-16000128 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Motojima K, Lzawa K (1964) Potentiometric titration of free acid and uranium in uranium (VI) solutions with alkali. Anal Chem 36:733–735.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60210a011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Paama L, Pamoja E, Must M, Peramaki P (2001) Optimal conditions for europium and samarium determination in cathodoluminophors by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. J Anal At Spectrom 16:1333–1336.  https://doi.org/10.1039/B105520H CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ratre P, Kumar D (2013) Spectrophotometric determination of trace amounts of samarium in environmental samples. Am Int J Res Formal Appl Nat Sci 3:110–118Google Scholar
  13. Sangal SP, Agarwala BV, Dey AK (1969) Compleximetric determination of rare earths in aqueous solution. Mikrochim Acta 3:660–663.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01216471 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Soylak M, Turkoglu O (2000) Spectrophotometric determination of samarium(III) with chrome azurol S in the presence of cetylpyridinium chloride. Talanta 53:125–129.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(00)00386-6 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Tirmizi SA, Wattoo FH, Wattoo MHS, Sarwar S, Memon AN, Ghangro AB (2012) Spectrophotometric study of stability constants of cimetidine–Ni(II) complex at different temperatures. Arab J Chem 5:309–314.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2010.09.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Uhrovcik J, Lesny J (2014) Extractive spectrophotometric determination of samarium with chlorophosphonazo III. Acta Tech Jaurinensis 7:62–70.  https://doi.org/10.1413/actatechjaur.v7.n1.218 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Yoe JH, Jones AL (1944) Colorimetric determination of iron with disodium-1,2-dihydroxybenzene-3,5-disulfonate. Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 16:111–115.  https://doi.org/10.1021/i560126a015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Zolfonoun E, Yousefi SR (2016) Simultaneous determination of rare earth elements by ICP OES after on-Line enrichment using multi-walled carbon nanotubes coated cellulose acetate membrane. J Braz Chem Soc 27:2348–2353.  https://doi.org/10.5935/0103-5053.20160131 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Badr Abd El-wahaab
    • 1
    Email author
  • Khaled Elgendy
    • 1
  • Akram El-didamony
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt

Personalised recommendations