Study on preparation and performances of cellulose acetate forward osmosis membrane
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Cellulose acetate (CA) forward osmosis (FO) membranes were prepared via a phase inversion process. CA was used as membrane material for FO. Acetone and 1,4-dioxane were employed as solvent. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), maleic acid, and methanol were applied as additives. An orthogonal experiment was performed to optimize the ratio of every component in the casting solution. The membrane with best performance was selected to concentrate an anthocyanin solution. Saturated sucrose solution (about 60°Brix) was fit for using as draw solution in the concentration experiment. Water flux, porosity, and rejection rate were measured to evaluate the membrane properties. Reverse water rinsing was used in cleaning membrane that was fouled by anthocyanin solution. Results showed that under membrane thickness of 100 μm, coagulation temperature at room temperature, and evaporation time of 30 s, the optimum components in casting solution were 13% CA, 45% 1,4-dioxane, 31% acetone, 2% maleic acid, 3% PVP, and 6% methanol. In the concentration experiment, the prepared FO membrane showed water flux of 2.04 L m−2 h−1 and rejection rate of 98.61%. In the membrane cleaning experiment, the water flux of the FO membrane recovered 87.51% after rinsing for 1 h. The prepared membranes and previously published membranes were compared which showed the prepared membrane could significantly improve the rejection rate for anthocyanin solution.
KeywordsCellulose acetate Forward osmosis membrane Anthocyanin
The authors acknowledge the financial support by Harbin Applied Technology Research and Development Project (2016RAQXJ011).
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