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Oral Health Implications of Bariatric Surgery in Morbidly Obese Patients: An Integrative Review

Abstract

Background

To identify the implications of bariatric surgery on the oral health of patients with morbid obesity.

Methods

Two reviewers independently performed a search of the electronic databases: MedLine, PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and Scopus, for clinical trials in humans and cohort studies. The search strategy used was Bariatric Surgery and Oral Health or Mouth Disease and Humans and Periodontitis. A total of 26 articles were obtained, and after title screening and full reading, 8 articles were included in this review.

Results

Increased food intake at shorter intervals and increased frequency of regurgitation in these patients were associated with the increased development of dental caries, dental erosion, and increased salivary flow rate.

Conclusion

Intense oral control is recommended for the prevention and early treatment of these conditions and to avoid nonsystemic effects in these patients.

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Acknowledgments

We are grateful and appreciate the recognition and guidance from teachers of the Contemporary Periodontics discipline of the Postgraduate Program in Dental Sciences (PPGCO) in helping to define the criteria for our research strategy, as well as the interpretation and framing of our results.

Funding Information

The authors would like to thank the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Person (CAPES) for funding and supporting the preparation of this manuscript.

Author information

Correspondence to Ana Rafaela Luz de Aquino Martins.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Additional informed consent was obtained from all individual participants for whom identifying information is included in this article.

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This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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da Silva Azevedo, M.L., Silva, N.R., da Costa Cunha Mafra, C.A. et al. Oral Health Implications of Bariatric Surgery in Morbidly Obese Patients: An Integrative Review. OBES SURG (2020) doi:10.1007/s11695-019-04334-0

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Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Oral diseases
  • Periodontitis