Lipoprotein(a) Change After Sleeve Gastrectomy Is Affected by the Presence of Metabolic Syndrome
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Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is an independent risk factor for CVD. This study aimed to determine the effect of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG)–induced weight loss on Lp(a) levels in obese individuals.
Patients submitted to VSG from January 2011 to July 2015 were included. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were recorded before and 12 months after surgery. Univariate analysis identified associations between Lp(a) and anthropometry and metabolic parameters, and the logistic regression predictors of Lp(a) decrease after VSG.
MetS was present in 47% of the 330 patients involved. Patients with MetS had higher body mass index (BMI) and triglyceride levels and were more insulin-resistant. No differences were found between groups respecting Lp(a) levels prior to surgery (15.2 mg/dL vs. 15.0 mg/dL, p = 0.795). After surgery, patients without MetS had a decrease in Lp(a) levels (14.7 mg/dL vs. 12.3 mg/dL, p = 0.006), while MetS patients showed no differences (13.9 mg/dL vs. 14.6 mg/dL, p = 0.302). The regression model evidenced that older age and Δ HDL-c were predictors of Lp(a) decrease, whereas the greater the number of MetS components and lower estimated BF% loss, the lesser odds of decreasing Lp(a) after surgery.
Despite a global improvement of conventional CVD risk factors, only individuals without MetS showed a decrease of Lp(a) levels after VSG. Further studies should explore not only the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the absence of decrease of Lp(a) levels in MetS patients, but also its impact on the metabolic beneficial changes usually observed after VSG.
KeywordsMetabolic syndrome Bariatric surgery Vertical sleeve gastrectomy Lipoprotein(a) Cardiovascular disease Dyslipidemia
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.
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