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Comparison of Weight Loss in Sleeve Gastrectomy Patients With and Without Antrectomy: a Prospective Randomized Study

  • Taryel OmarovEmail author
  • Elgun Samadov
  • Ali Kagan Coskun
  • Aytekin Unlu
Original Contributions
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) restricts gastric volume to achieve weight loss. We aimed to compare the efficacy of LSG with and without antrectomy for achieving weight loss.

Methods

The prospective randomized study comprised 127 obese patients that underwent either LSG with antrectomy (2 cm to pylorus) (group 1) or LSG without antrectomy (6 cm to pylorus) (group 2), using 36 Fr and 32 Fr bougies, respectively. Patients were examined at 3-, 6-, 12-, and 24-month intervals for body mass index (BMI) measurements.

Results

Overall, 66 (51%) and 57 (49%) of patients were assigned to groups 1 and 2, respectively. The mean BMI of group 1 patients were 49.5 ± 8.01, 35.8 ± 5.40, 31.3 ± 4.9, 26.7 ± 4.02, and 22.9 ± 4.01 at the baseline, 3rd, 6th, 12th, and 24th month, respectively. The decreases in BMI were statistically significant. The mean BMI of group 2 patients were 46.7 ± 7.06, 39.3 ± 6.04, 32.4 ± 5.01, 26.6 ± 3.76, and 21.6 ± 3.70 at baseline, 3rd, 6th, 12th, and 24th month, respectively. The differences were also statistically significant. When compared with group 2, group 1 patients showed significantly lower BMI values on the 3rd month. Other differences were not statistically significant.

Conclusion

LSG with or without antrectomy is safe and effective for weight loss. Larger studies are required to identify patients likely to benefit from LSG with antrectomy.

Keywords

Bariatric surgery Sleeve gastrectomy BMI Antral resection 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Azerbaijan Medical UniversityFirst Surgical Disease DepartmentBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.National Center Of OncologyDept. of Abdominal SurgeryBakuAzerbaijan
  3. 3.UHS Gulhane School of MedicineDept. of General SurgeryAnkaraTurkey
  4. 4.Leyla Medical CenterBakuAzerbaijan

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