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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 244–248 | Cite as

Effects of the Postoepartive Dietetic/Behavioral Counseling on the Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery

  • Raffaella Gradaschi
  • Virginia Molinari
  • Samir Giuseppe Sukkar
  • Paola De Negri
  • Gian Franco AdamiEmail author
  • Giovanni Camerini
Original Contributions
  • 167 Downloads

Abstract

Objective

Weight outcomes after bariatric surgery are due to an adequate adjustment of eating behavior to the new gastrointestinal conditions created by operation. The efficacy of dietary/behavior counseling for promoting weight loss and maintenance in a growing number of bariatric patients was investigated.

Material and Methods

One hundred seventy-six non-diabetic obese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) were investigated. The first group (CO, 88 subjects, 16 male) attended a standard surgical follow-up, while in the second (DIET, 88 subjects, 15 male) the surgeon was supported by a dietitian, and patients received behavioral-dietary sessions on individual request. Data prior to the operation and at 2 years were considered, the weight outcome being regarded as successful when postoperative body mass index (BMI) value was lower than 30 kg/m2.

Results

Weight results were better (p < 0.01) in the RYGBP than in the SG patients. In comparison to CO, in the DIET group a greater adherence to the bariatric program was observed (76% vs. 41%, < 0.01), while body weight data and prevalence of successful cases at 2 years (87 ± 23 vs. 83 ± 16 kg and 27% vs.33%, respectively) were similar.

Conclusions

After RYSG and SG, postoperative dietetic/behavioral sessions delivered on patient’s request does not influence weight results. The dietetic intervention promotes the adherence to bariatric program and prevents postoperative follow-up loss. In a dietitian/behavioral strategy after RYGBP and SG, a cognitive reinforcement of the compliance to bariatric program and a strengthening of the motivation to changes could promote better weight results.

Keywords

Obesity Bariatric surgery Dietetic support Weight loss Follow-up adherence 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nutritional UnitUniversity of GenovaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of GenovaGenoaItaly
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryUniversity of GenovaGenoaItaly

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