Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy Is Feasible and Safe in a Gastric Bypass Population
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Obesity is public health problem of epidemic proportions. Esophageal dysmotility including achalasia is more commonly seen in an obese population. Standard therapy for achalasia can be complicated by hepatomegaly and a post-surgical anatomy in a pre- and post-bariatric population. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has not been adequately studied in this population.
A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was completed. Patients who had undergone a Roux-en-y gastric bypass (RYGB) prior to or following a POEM were enrolled. Patient demographics, operative information and post-operative course data was collected.
Six patients underwent POEM prior to or after RYGB. There were no peri-operative complications with an average length of stay of 1.2 days. Five patients experienced a clinical success with excellent symptom resolution. The one failure was in the setting of type III achalasia, but did have objective evidence of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation post-operatively.
POEM in the setting of bariatric surgery is safe and feasible. The potential increase in GERD following POEM is obviated by RYGB anatomy. In an obese individual, a staged POEM prior to or following a RYGB is an appropriate treatment algorithm for obese and achalasia.
KeywordsPOEM Bariatric surgery Achalasia
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The study obtained approval from the Institutional Research Board including a waiver of informed consent due to the retrospective nature of the study (IRB # 201611724).
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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