Efficacy of Intraperitoneal Instillation of Bupivacaine after Bariatric Surgery: Randomized Controlled Trial
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Obesity is one of the greatest health problems. Bariatric surgery is more effective than non-surgical options; however, postoperative pain is bound to a greater morbidity. Control of postoperative pain is important in facilitating patient convalescence. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of intraperitoneal instillation of bupivacaine after bariatric surgery.
A hundred patients who underwent bariatric procedures including sleeve gastrectomy, sleeve gastrectomy with cardioplasty, gastric bypass, and gastric mini bypass (one anastomosis gastric bypass) were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups randomly, 50 patients for each; group I had intraperitoneal instillation of 40 ml bupivacaine 0.25% at the end of the procedure, while group II had normal saline instillation. Monitoring of pain control in the first 24 h after surgery was done using the visual analogue scale (VAS) to assess the efficacy of intraperitoneal bupivacaine instillation and its effect on the overall opioid usage, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and shoulder tip pain.
Pain scores were significantly lower in group I compared to group II at recovery, 2, 4 and 6 h after surgery, P = 0.004, 0.001, < 0.001, and 0.001 respectively. However, there were no significant differences between 12 and 24 h postoperatively. Additionally, there was a significant difference regarding the need for rescue analgesia at recovery P = < 0.001*. Further analysis revealed lower morphine consumption via PCA in group I compared to group II P = 0.013*. There were no significant differences with the use of intraperitoneal bupivacaine as regards nausea, vomiting, or shoulder tip pain, P = 0.688, 0.249, and 0.487, respectively.
Intraperitoneal instillation of bupivacaine provides a good analgesia in the early postoperative period, reduces the overall consumption of opioid, and decreases the rescue analgesia requirement in the first 24 h after surgery.
KeywordsIntraperitoneal instillation of bupivacaine Bariatric surgery Sleeve gastrectomy Gastric bypass Mini gastric bypass Local anesthetic instillation IPLAI Postoperative analgesia
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Approved by the ethical committee.
Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for participation in the study before allocation to either arms of the study, in addition to publishing the results.
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