Outcomes After Laparoscopic Conversion of Failed Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) to Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) or Single Anastomosis Duodenal Switch (SADS)
Inadequate weight loss following LAGB (laparoscopic adjusted gastric banding) requiring band removal and conversion to another bariatric procedure is common. There is a paucity of objective data to guide procedure selection. Single anastomosis modifications (SIPS, SADI, SADS) of the duodenal switch biliopancreatic division (DS-BPD) are being investigated. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the most prevalent primary bariatric procedure and has been used for revision following LAGB.
The purpose is to investigate single-stage LAGB removal to LSG SADS (single anastomosis duodenal switch). A matched cohort analysis compared each revision to a similar patient having a primary procedure. This was performed to understand the impact of prior banding on outcomes with each procedure.
Materials and Methods
This is a retrospective study to investigate the outcomes of revision of LAGB for inadequate weight loss to LSG or SADS. To determine whether prior banding impairs results, a matched cohort was done comparing each revision to a patient that had a primary procedure.
As expected, patients who had SADS had greater weight loss than LSG. There was no difference in peri-operative and early complications. Both procedures resulted in weight loss. Importantly, with matched cohort, prior LAGB decreased weight loss outcomes in LSG, but not SADS.
Conversion of LAGB to LSG or SADS results in weight loss. The presence of LAGB decreases weight loss in LSG, but not in SADS. This can have important implications for long-term outcomes.
KeywordsLaparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) Failed/revision LAGB Single anastomosis duodenal switch Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy Nutrition Outcome of revision LAGB
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Institutional Review Board of the Northwell Health approval was obtained for this study.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
For this type of study, formal consent is not required.
Informed consent statement does not apply for this study.
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