Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Is More Effective than Sleeve Gastrectomy in Improving Postprandial Glycaemia and Lipaemia in Non-diabetic Morbidly Obese Patients: a Short-term Follow-up Analysis
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We aimed to compare the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on postprandial glucose and lipid metabolism in addition to weight loss and fasting metabolic profile, in non-diabetic patients undergoing bariatric surgery.
Seventy-one patients were consecutively recruited and studied preoperatively, 3 and 6 months after surgery. Of these, 28 underwent RYGB (7 males, age 38 ± 9 years, BMI 46.9 ± 5.0 kg/m2), and 43 SG (9 males, age 38 ± 9 years, BMI 50.2 ± 7.0 kg/m2). A semi-liquid mixed meal was consumed, and blood samples were taken before, and every 30 min after meal ingestion up to 180 min postprandially, for measurement of glucose, insulin, and lipids. The overall postprandial response was assessed as area under the concentration-time curve (AUC).
Baseline metabolic parameters were similar between RYGB and SG. Both groups experienced comparable weight loss, and a similar improvement in fasting glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance. Total and LDL cholesterol levels were lower at 6 months after RYGB compared to SG, while there was no difference in HDL cholesterol or triglycerides. Glucose AUC was lower after RYGB compared to SG at both 3 (p = 0.008) and 6 months (p = 0.016), without any difference in postprandial insulin response. Triglyceride AUC was also lower in RYGB vs. SG at 3 and 6 months (p ≤ 0.001).
RYGB is superior to SG in improving postprandial glycaemia and lipaemia and cholesterol profile 6 months postoperatively in non-diabetic, severely obese patients. These findings imply procedure-specific effects, such as the malabsorptive nature of RYGB, and less likely a different incretin postoperative response.
KeywordsBariatric surgery Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Sleeve gastrectomy Postprandial metabolism Glycaemia Lipaemia
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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