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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 3246–3252 | Cite as

The Impacts of Gastroileostomy Rat Model on Glucagon-like Peptide-1: a Promising Model to Control Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Behrouz Keleidari
  • Rastin Mohammadi Mofrad
  • Shahab Shahabi ShahmiriEmail author
  • Mohammad Hossein Sanei
  • Mohsen Kolahdouzan
  • Erfan Sheikhbahaei
Original Contributions
  • 73 Downloads

Abstract

Background

One of the new current treatment options for Diabetes Mellitus is about increasing glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) activity. GLP-1 with its incretin effect showed major role in glucose homeostasis. Gastroileostomy can increase GLP-1 secretion by rapid delivery of undigested food to the terminal ileum. We studied the early effects of a gastroileostomy on serum levels of GLP-1, glucose, and insulin in rats.

Methods

Gastroileostomies with side-to-side anastomosis were performed on 15 male New Zealand rats. Blood samples were obtained before and 1 week after the gastroileostomy.

Results

Our results showed that the rats lost a lot of weight from start (330 ± 15 g) to the end (240 ± 25 g) of the experiment (p = 0.048). The data analysis showed that the gastroileostomy surgery elevates the level of GLP-1in plasma significantly (89.1852 vs. 177.440 respectively; p < 0.001) and caused a significant decrease in plasma glucose as well (92.00 and 66.29 mg/dL respectively; p < 0.001). However, the insulin state elevated after the surgery significantly (8.03 vs. 9.89; p < 0.001).

Conclusion

In this study, we showed the effectiveness of gastroileostomy treatment to decrease body weight and plasma glucose with increased GLP-1 in rats. This small rat model suggests the potential of this surgery to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Keywords

Glucagon-like peptide Gastroileostomy Diabetes mellitus Incretin Glucose 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge Mr. Amirsalar Moazen Safaei and Mr. Aria Azarshahi for their help in proofreading this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Funding Resource

No fund received for this research.

Ethics Statements

This research commenced after fulfilling all of the ethical statements and receiving its approval from department of ethics in medical research. All procedures were conducted in agreement with the National Institutes of Health Guide for Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Isfahan Minimally Invasive Surgery and Obesity (IMISO) Center, Department of SurgeryIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Department of Pathology, Al Zahra University HospitalIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  4. 4.Department of Thoracic Surgery, Al Zahra University HospitalIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  5. 5.Student Research Committee, Cardiovascular Research InstituteIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran

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