Obesity Surgery

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 1149–1174 | Cite as

Challenges in Transition of Care for Pediatric Patients after Weight-Reduction Surgery: a Systematic Review and Recommendations for Comprehensive Care

  • Sarah B. CairoEmail author
  • Indrajit Majumdar
  • Aurora Pryor
  • Alan Posner
  • Carroll M. Harmon
  • David H. Rothstein
  • on behalf of the Delivery of Surgical Care Committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Surgery
Review Article


Obesity in pediatric patients is rising with nearly one third of children in the USA classified as overweight and up to 16–18% of the adolescent population obese with at least one comorbid condition. Consequently, bariatric procedures in this population have increased without consistent recommendations for follow-up and transition to adult providers. This review describes the known and potential long-term consequences of bariatric surgery in pediatric patients, reviews the current literature on transitions of care for adolescent patients with chronic illnesses. Additionally, this review summarizes recommendations from the literature for developing a standardized program for transitioning care for post-bariatric surgical patients and offers useful tools and guidelines for doing so.


Pediatric obesity Bariatric surgery Outcomes Transitions in care 


Compliance with Ethical Standards


The authors have no relevant financial or other disclosures to report.

Conflict of Interest

None of the authors have any disclaimers or conflicts of interests to report nor were any funds, proprietary or otherwise, used to fund this research.


None of the authors have any disclaimers, conflicts of interest, or use of previously copyrighted material to report. No grant support or financial relationships were employed in the conduct of this research.


This work has not been submitted for presentation.

Supplementary material

11695_2018_3138_MOESM1_ESM.docx (120 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 120 kb).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah B. Cairo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Indrajit Majumdar
    • 2
    • 3
  • Aurora Pryor
    • 4
  • Alan Posner
    • 5
  • Carroll M. Harmon
    • 1
    • 5
  • David H. Rothstein
    • 1
    • 5
  • on behalf of the Delivery of Surgical Care Committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Surgery
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric SurgeryJohn R Oishei Children’s HospitalBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Division of Endocrinology/DiabetesUniversity at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical SciencesBuffaloUSA
  3. 3.Diabetes CenterJohn R Oishei Children’s HospitalBuffaloUSA
  4. 4.Division of Bariatric, Foregut, and Advanced Gastrointestinal Surgery, Stony Brook MedicineStony BrookUSA
  5. 5.Division of SurgeryState University of New York, University at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical SciencesBuffaloUSA

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