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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 889–895 | Cite as

Long-Term Outcomes of the Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding: Weight Loss and Removal Rate. A Single Center Experience on 301 Patients with a Minimum Follow-Up of 10 years

  • Sergio Carandina
  • Malek Tabbara
  • Leila Galiay
  • Claude Polliand
  • Daniel Azoulay
  • Christophe Barrat
  • Andrea Lazzati
Original Contributions

Abstract

Background

Obesity is a chronic disease that requires procedures to enable to maintain good long-term results. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) studies with a long-term follow-up are limited and have often given conflicting results. We report our results in terms of banding life span and weight loss in a cohort of 301 patients operated on LAGB with a minimum follow-up of 10 years.

Methods

All patients who underwent LAGB at our university hospital between 1998 and 2004 were included in this study. The main outcome was band survival and complications that led to band removal, and the secondary outcome was weight loss. We present raw data and data after imputation for patients lost at follow-up.

Results

Most patients were women (83 %), and the mean body mass index (BMI) baseline was 45.2 ± 6.7. The pars flaccida technique was performed in 50.9 % of the patients. All patients had at least 10 years of follow-up (range 10–16 years). Data were available at 10 years for 79.7 % and at 15 years for 80.6 %. Band survival was 65.8 % at 10 years and 53.3 % at 15 years. Mean excess weight loss (EWL) at 5, 10, and 15 years was 41.4, 38.7, and 35.1 %, respectively.

Conclusion

Despite the encouraging short-term results, LAGB shows long-term disappointing results in terms of weight loss and complication rates. The removal rate increases with time (about 3–4 % per year), and at 15 years, almost half of the bands had been removed.

Keywords

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding Follow-up Failure rate Long-term results 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Grants and Fundings

None

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Digestive and Metabolic Surgery, Avicenne University Hospital, Centre Intégré Nord Francilien de la prise en charge de l’Obésité (CINFO)Université Paris XIII-UFR SMBH “Léonard de Vinci”BobignyFrance
  2. 2.Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of HPB Surgery and Liver Transplant UnitHenri Mondor University Hospital–Creteil Hospital, Université Paris-Est Creteil Val de MarneCreteilFrance

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