Obesity Surgery

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 59–63 | Cite as

Long-Term Results of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for Morbid Obesity: 5 to 8-Year Results

  • Ralph P. M. Gadiot
  • L. Ulas Biter
  • Stefanie van Mil
  • Hans F. Zengerink
  • J. Apers
  • Guido H. H. Mannaerts
Original Contributions

Abstract

Introduction

Although long-term results of sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) remain scarce in the literature, its popularity as a stand-alone procedure has accounted for a global increase in LSG performance. In this retrospective study, the authors present 5 to 8-year follow-up results in terms of weight loss, failure/revision rate, and comorbidity resolution from a single center.

Materials and Methods

A prospectively maintained database was reviewed for patients who underwent LSG between 2007 and 2010. Data analysis on weight loss, comorbid conditions, revision surgery, and mortality was conducted.

Results

Median percentage excess BMI loss (%EBMIL) was 59.0, and 53.9 %, and median percentage total weight loss (%TWL) was 25.1, and 22.9 % at 5 and 8 years, respectively. Revision to gastric bypass due to insufficient weight loss or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was performed in 42 patients (15.2 %). Resolution of comorbid condition was achieved in 91 % of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), 68 % of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), 53 % of patients with hypertension, and 25 % of patients with dyslipedemia. Loss to follow-up rate was 45 % at 5 years, 28 % at 6 years, 23 % at 7 years, and 13 % at 8 years.

Conclusion

This study adds to the currently available data confirming the LSG to be a safe and effective procedure at long term. Data from high-volume studies are needed to establish the definite role of the LSG in the spectrum of bariatric procedures.

Keywords

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy Long-term results Weight loss Comorbidity Revision surgery 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph P. M. Gadiot
    • 1
  • L. Ulas Biter
    • 1
  • Stefanie van Mil
    • 1
  • Hans F. Zengerink
    • 1
  • J. Apers
    • 1
  • Guido H. H. Mannaerts
    • 1
  1. 1.Sint Fransiscus GasthuisRotterdamNetherlands

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