Obesity Surgery

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 167–173 | Cite as

Ophthalmic Complications of Bariatric Surgery

  • Rui Azevedo GuerreiroEmail author
  • Rui Ribeiro
Review Article


Obesity is increasing vastly in the world, and the number of bariatric surgeries being performed is also increasing. Patients being submitted to bariatric surgeries, especially malabsorptive procedures, have an increased risk of developing nutrient deficiencies, which can culminate in symptomatic hypovitaminosis, if supplementation is not done correctly. The eye and the optic system need an adequate level of several vitamins and minerals to perform properly, especially vitamin A, and this article wants to cover the main nutrients involved, the possible ophthalmic complications that can arise by their deficiency, and the management of those complications.


Bariatric surgery Obesity Eye Postoperative complications Vitamin A Vitamin A deficiency 


Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, EPELisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Unidade de Tratamento Cirúrgico de Obesidade e Doenças Endócrinas, Hospital Curry CabralCentro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, EPELisbonPortugal

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