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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 835–840 | Cite as

Resolution of Diabetes After Bariatric Surgery Among Predominantly African-American Patients

Race has no Effect in Remission of Diabetes After Bariatric Surgery
  • Mereb Araia
  • Michael Wood
  • Joshua Kroll
  • Abdul Abou-Samra
  • Berhane SeyoumEmail author
Original Contributions

Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to assess the relative efficacy in diabetes remission among predominantly African-American patients who have undergone one of the three different types of bariatric surgical procedures.

Methods

A total of 597 morbidly obese patients underwent one of the three bariatric surgical procedures at Harper University Hospital, Detroit, Michigan from 2008 to 2011. Of the three procedures, 203 (34 %) patients had laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, 264 (44.2 %) patients had laparoscopic gastric bypass, and 130 (21.8 %) had laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. The prevalence of diabetes prior to surgery was 20.7, 17.4, and 24 %, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the prevalence of diabetes among the three surgical groups.

Results

Of the 119 patients with diabetes, 46 (38.7 %) were males and 73 (61.3 %) were females. The majority of patients were African-Americans (65 %). The average age of patients was 42.2 ± 8.3 years for sleeve gastrectomy, 44.8 ± 7.9 years for gastric banding, and 41.5 ± 7.7 years for gastric bypass surgery. Of all the study patients with a preoperative diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, 86 patients (72.3 %) had resolution of diabetes 1 year after surgery. The resolution of diabetes was reported in 89.1, 66.7, and 54.8 % of patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and gastric banding, respectively.

Conclusions

This study, which was conducted among predominantly African-Americans, showed consistent results with other studies. Patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass appeared to benefit the most in terms of achieving better remission of diabetes.

Keywords

Diabetes African-Americans Bariatric surgery 

Notes

Conflict of Interest

All authors have no conflict of interest, and there was no external funding for the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mereb Araia
    • 1
  • Michael Wood
    • 1
  • Joshua Kroll
    • 1
  • Abdul Abou-Samra
    • 2
  • Berhane Seyoum
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Harper Bariatric Medicine Institute, Harper University HospitalWayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Hamad Medical CorporationDohaQatar
  3. 3.Division of EndocrinologyWayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA

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