Obesity Surgery

, Volume 23, Issue 11, pp 1842–1851 | Cite as

Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Postoperative Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery: Analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample

  • Babak Mokhlesi
  • Margaret D. Hovda
  • Benjamin Vekhter
  • Vineet M. Arora
  • Frances Chung
  • David O. Meltzer
Original Contributions

Abstract

Background

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), also known as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), has been increasingly recognized as a possible risk factor for adverse perioperative outcomes in non-bariatric surgeries. However, the impact of SDB on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing bariatric surgery remains less clearly defined. We hypothesized that SDB would be independently associated with worse postoperative outcomes.

Methods

Data were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database and included a total of 91,028 adult patients undergoing bariatric surgeries from 2004 to 2008. The primary outcomes were in-hospital death, total charges, and length of stay. There were two secondary outcomes of interest: respiratory and cardiac complications. Regression models were fitted to assess the independent association between SDB and the outcomes of interest.

Results

SDB was independently associated with decreased mortality (OR = 0.34, 95% CI = 0.23–0.50, p < 0.001), total charges (−$869, p < 0.001), and length of stay (−0.25 days, p < 0.001). SDB was independently associated with significantly increased odds ratio of emergent endotracheal intubation (OR = 4.35, 95% CI = 3.97–4.77, p < 0.001), noninvasive ventilation (OR = 14.12, 95% CI = 12.09–16.51, p < 0.001), and atrial fibrillation (OR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.11–1.41, p < 0.001). Emergent intubation occurred significantly earlier in the postoperative course in patients with SDB. Although non-SDB patients had an overall lower risk of emergent intubation compared to SDB patients, their outcomes were significantly worse when they did get emergently intubated.

Conclusions

In this large nationally representative sample, despite the increased association of SDB/OSA with postoperative cardiopulmonary complications, the diagnosis of SDB/OSA was negatively, rather than positively, associated with in-hospital mortality and resource use.

Keywords

Sleep-disordered breathing Bariatric surgery Obstructive sleep apnea Postoperative complications Intubation Respiratory failure Death Length of stay Cost 

Abbreviations

CCI

Charlson comorbidity index

CI

Confidence interval

CPAP/NIV

Continuous positive airway pressure/noninvasive ventilation

ICD-9-CM

International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification

LOS

Length of stay

NIS

Nationwide inpatient sample

OR

Odds ratio

SDB

Sleep-disordered breathing

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the University of Chicago Institute for Translational Medicine and the Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) program (UL1 RR024999). Dr. Arora is supported by the National Institutes on Aging (K23 AG033763). Dr. Meltzer is supported by a Midcareer Career Development Award from the National Institutes of Health (1 K24 AG031326-01).

Conflict of Interest Statement

Babak Mokhlesi has served as a consultant for Philips/Respironics, but has no conflicts of interest relevant to the present study. Margaret D. Hovda, Benjamin Vekhter, Vineet M. Arora, Frances Chung, and David O. Meltzer have no conflicts of interest relevant to the present study to declare.

Role of the Sponsor

The sponsor had no role in the design and conduct of the study, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data, or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Babak Mokhlesi
    • 1
  • Margaret D. Hovda
    • 1
  • Benjamin Vekhter
    • 2
  • Vineet M. Arora
    • 2
    • 3
  • Frances Chung
    • 4
  • David O. Meltzer
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Sleep Disorders Center and the Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of MedicineThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Center for Health and Social SciencesThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  4. 4.Department of AnesthesiaUniversity Health Network, University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Section of Hospital Medicine, Department of MedicineThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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