Roux-en Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Reduces Hedonic Hunger and Improves Dietary Habits in Severely Obese Subjects
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Many obese subjects suffer from an increased hedonic drive to consume palatable foods, i.e., hedonic hunger, and often show unfavorable dietary habits. Here, we investigated changes in the hedonic hunger and dietary habits after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery.
Forty-four severely obese patients were examined before and on average 15.9 ± 0.9 months after RYGB surgery with the Power of Food Scale (PFS), a questionnaire that reliably measures an individual’s motivation to consume highly palatable foods but not actual consumptive behavior. Dietary habits were assessed by a food frequency questionnaire.
After the RYGB procedure, patients showed markedly lower aggregated PFS scores and sub-domain scores related to generally available, physically present, as well as tasted foods than before the surgery (all P < 0.001). Changes in dietary habits after the surgery were characterized by a more frequent consumption of poultry, fish, eggs, and cooked vegetables (P < 0.008) and a less frequent consumption of chocolate (P < 0.048), cakes/biscuits/cookies (P = 0.09), and fruit juice/soft drinks (P = 0.08).
Data show a marked reduction of the hedonic drive to consume palatable food and beneficial changes in dietary habits characterized by an increased intake of protein-rich foods and vegetables and a reduced consumption of sugar-containing snacks and beverages after RYGB surgery. Based on these findings, it can be speculated that the reduction of the hedonic drive to consume palatable foods induced by RYGB surgery helps severely obese patients to establish healthier dietary habits.
KeywordsEating behavior Food consumption Hedonic drive Protein-rich foods Bariatric surgery
We gratefully thank Dr. Michael Lowe from the Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, for generously providing us with the Power of Food Scale and all of our patients who filled in the questionnaires.
Conflict of Interest
All contributing authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Sources of Funding
The study was financed by intramural financial resources of the Interdisciplinary Obesity Center, Kantonsspital St. Gallen.