Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Liver Fibrosis
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Although bariatric surgery has been shown to improve hepatic steatosis in morbidly obese patients, the effect of weight loss on hepatic fibrosis has not been determined. Since the prognosis of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is closely related to the development of hepatic fibrosis, it is important to determine the hepatic histology of these patients after weight loss. We therefore evaluated the prevalence of hepatic fibrosis in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and assessed the correlation of histologic changes with weight loss.
We retrospectively evaluated 78 morbidly obese patients who underwent gastric bypass. Liver biopsies were taken during surgery and after weight loss, and the correlations between histologic findings and hepatic fibrosis were determined.
Of the 78 patients, 35 (44.8%) had fibrosis at first biopsy, and 24 (30.8%) had hepatic fibrosis after weight loss, including 19 of the 35 patients (54.3%) with fibrosis at first biopsy and 5 of the 43 (11.6%) without hepatic fibrosis at first biopsy (P = 0.027).
Weight loss in morbidly obese patients was associated with a reduction in the prevalence of hepatic fibrosis.
KeywordsLiver fibrosis Cirrhosis Morbid obesity Bariatric surgery Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Conflict of Interest
None of the authors has any conflicts of interest to declare.
No external funding supported this work. None of the authors has any financial interest to declare.
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