Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: An Indian Experience—Surgical Technique and Early Results
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- Chowbey, P.K., Dhawan, K., Khullar, R. et al. OBES SURG (2010) 20: 1340. doi:10.1007/s11695-009-9973-9
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Obesity has been observed to be on the rise in the Indian subcontinent. We report our early experience with the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for treating morbid obesity in the Indian population along with description of the surgical technique.
The data of 75 patients who underwent LSG for the treatment of morbid obesity at the Minimal Access, Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Centre, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi, from November 2006 to February 2009, were retrospectively reviewed from prospective database. The gastric sleeve is created laparoscopically using sequential firings of a linear stapling device applied alongside a 36-Fr calibrating bougie. The data collected included age, gender, initial body mass index (BMI) and excess weight, the co-morbidity status, and preoperative investigations. Perioperative parameters and follow-up details [weight, BMI, excess weight loss (%EWL), resolution of co-morbidities, and postoperative investigations] were noted.
All procedures were completed laparoscopically. There was no major procedure-related morbidity. Hemorrhage requiring blood transfusion was observed in four patients. One patient died at 2 weeks postoperatively due to pulmonary embolism. There was a steady rise in %EWL from 31.2% at 3 months to 52.3% at 6 months, 59.13% at 1 year, and 65% at 2 years. Type II diabetes was resolved in 81.2%, hypertension in 93.75%, and dyslipidemia in 85% at 1 year.
Although long-term results are necessary to determine the benefits of the procedure, early results indicate that LSG may be a safe and feasible option for treating the morbidly obese patients.