Obesity Surgery

, 17:486 | Cite as

Resolution of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatits after Gastric Bypass Surgery

  • Xiuli Liu
  • Audrey J. Lazenby
  • Ronald H. Clements
  • Nirag Jhala
  • Gary A. Abrams
Article

Background

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been increasingly recognized as a common chronic liver condition. Previous studies have been variable regarding the histological outcomes after rapid weight loss. The aim of this study was to characterize the histopathologic changes in NASH following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass surgery (LRYGBP).

Methods

We retrospectively analyzed paired needle liver biopsies taken during and following LRYGBP in 39 patients according to the recent NIH-based NAFLD criteria.

Results

The cohort included 33 females and 6 males (range 24–7 years). 23 patients (58.9%) had steatohepatitis, 12 with fatty liver (30.7%), and 4 were normal (10.2%). Follow-up needle liver biopsies were performed at a mean interval of 18 months (range 6–1 months). No significant differences in length or number of portal tracts between the paired biopsies were noted. The mean decrease in weight and BMI was 50.2 kg and 18.2 kg/m2, respectively. The initial prevalence of hepatic pathology: steatosis (89.7%), hepatocellular ballooning (58.9%), and centrilobular/perisinusoidal fibrosis (50%) improved significantly after LRYGBP: steatosis (2.9%), ballooning (0%), and centrilobular fibrosis (25%). Mitigation in the lobular inflammation score (2.23 ±–.63 vs 1.95 ±–.56, P––.01) and stage of fibrosis (1.14 ±–.05 to 0.72 ±–.97, P––.002) were also noted. However, no improvements were detected in portal tract inflammation and fibrosis.

Conclusions

Over a mean period of 18 months, histological improvements and resolution of NASH occurs after LRYGBP. Long-term studies are warranted to assess for potential changes in the portal regions or relapse of NASH that could result with weight regain or malnutrition.

Key words

Morbid obesity laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass nonalcoholic fatty liver disease nonalcoholic steatohepatitis overall fibrosis centrilobular perisinusoidal fibrosis portal fibrosis liver function test gastroplasty 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiuli Liu
    • 1
  • Audrey J. Lazenby
    • 1
  • Ronald H. Clements
    • 2
  • Nirag Jhala
    • 1
  • Gary A. Abrams
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Anatomic Pathology, Department of PathologyUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Division of General Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  3. 3.Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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