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Ultrasound-assisted extraction and antioxidant activity of polysaccharides from Acanthus ilicifolius

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Abstract

In the present study, ultrasound-assisted extraction of water-soluble polysaccharides from the Acanthus ilicifolius was optimized by using one-factor-at-a-time and Box–Behnken designs. A maximum polysaccharide yield of 2.46% was obtained under the optimized conditions of ultrasonic power of 150 W, temperature of 53 °C, extraction time of 50 min, and liquid to solid ratio of 35 mL/g. Results of UV, FTIR and molecular weights indicated that there were significant differences in structures of polysaccharides extracted with ultrasound assistance (UAE-ACI) and hot-water extraction (HWE-ACI) including monosaccharide compositions and ratios, and molecular weight distributions. Further analysis showed that UAE-ACI had a higher antioxidant activity in vitro than that of HWE-ACI possibly due to lower molecular weight and higher content of phenolics and protein fractions.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by funding from Natural Science Foundation of China (31771961), Shanghai Agriculture Applied Technology Development Program [2017, No. 9], Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), and Science & Technology Platform Construction Program of Jiangxi Province.

Author information

FC conceived of the study and participated in its design and coordination and drafted the manuscript. MDM, LQ and HZ performed experiments and analyzed results and helped to draft the manuscript. WJS, XYZ, YY and DW performed partial experiments and analyzed results. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

Correspondence to FengJie Cui or WenJing Sun or Yan Yang.

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Mtetwa, M.D., Qian, L., Zhu, H. et al. Ultrasound-assisted extraction and antioxidant activity of polysaccharides from Acanthus ilicifolius. Food Measure (2020) doi:10.1007/s11694-019-00371-6

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Keywords

  • Acanthus ilicifolius
  • Polysaccharide
  • Ultrasound-assisted extraction
  • Structural characterization
  • Antioxidant activity