In the present study, ultrasound-assisted extraction of water-soluble polysaccharides from the Acanthus ilicifolius was optimized by using one-factor-at-a-time and Box–Behnken designs. A maximum polysaccharide yield of 2.46% was obtained under the optimized conditions of ultrasonic power of 150 W, temperature of 53 °C, extraction time of 50 min, and liquid to solid ratio of 35 mL/g. Results of UV, FTIR and molecular weights indicated that there were significant differences in structures of polysaccharides extracted with ultrasound assistance (UAE-ACI) and hot-water extraction (HWE-ACI) including monosaccharide compositions and ratios, and molecular weight distributions. Further analysis showed that UAE-ACI had a higher antioxidant activity in vitro than that of HWE-ACI possibly due to lower molecular weight and higher content of phenolics and protein fractions.
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This work was supported by funding from Natural Science Foundation of China (31771961), Shanghai Agriculture Applied Technology Development Program [2017, No. 9], Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), and Science & Technology Platform Construction Program of Jiangxi Province.
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Mtetwa, M.D., Qian, L., Zhu, H. et al. Ultrasound-assisted extraction and antioxidant activity of polysaccharides from Acanthus ilicifolius. Food Measure (2020) doi:10.1007/s11694-019-00371-6
- Acanthus ilicifolius
- Ultrasound-assisted extraction
- Structural characterization
- Antioxidant activity