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Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 3198–3205 | Cite as

Comparative study on phenolic compounds, triterpenoids, and antioxidant activity of Ganoderma lucidum affected by different drying methods

  • Qingying Dong
  • Dujuan He
  • Xudong Ni
  • Huabin ZhouEmail author
  • Hailong YangEmail author
Original Paper
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Ganoderma lucidum, a famous Chinese medicinal mushroom, is cultivated systematically, harvested seasonally and dried for preservation. In this study, the effects of sun drying, hot air drying at 50 °C and 70 °C, microwave drying at 420 W and 700 W, and freeze drying on the moisture content, rehydration capacity, the contents of total phenolics, flavonoids and triterpenoids, as well as on the antioxidant activity of G. lucidum were investigated. The results showed that the physical properties, bioactive ingredients and antioxidant activity of G. lucidum were significantly affected by the different drying techniques. Microwave drying at 700 W resulted in the lowest moisture content, whereas freeze drying resulted in the highest rehydration rate compared with the other drying methods. The content of total phenolics and flavonoids, the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging ability, and the ferric reducing antioxidant power were found to be the highest at the G. lucidum dried by microwave drying at 700 W. Overall, Microwave drying was of short duration and significantly retained the antioxidant activity and high content of phenolics in G. lucidum. Thus, Microwave drying could be suggested as the optimal method for preserving the fruiting body of G. lucidum.

Keywords

Ganoderma lucidum Drying methods Phenolic compounds Triterpenoids Antioxidant activity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31571900) and Zhejiang Department of Science and Technology (Project No. 2018C02005), China.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life & Environmental ScienceWenzhou UniversityWenzhouChina

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