In this study, an efficient HPLC method was developed and validated to determine seven polyphenols, i.e. chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, protocatechuic acid, geniposide, rutin, quercetin and isorhamnetin, in different parts (leaves, barks and fruits) of Eucommia ulmoides. A Luna C18 column (150 mm × 3.9 mm, 5.0 μm) was applied and eluted with a gradient of acetonitrile-modified aqueous mobile phase (containing 1% acetic acid). 260 nm, 326 nm, and 360 nm were used as the detection wavelengths. With the developed method, these seven polyphenols were successfully assayed and their contents in different parts of E. ulmoides were compared. The results showed that these polyphenols displayed different distribution in the leaves, barks and fruits. Chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid and rutin were their main common constituents. ABTS and DPPH free radical scavenging assay indicated that E. ulmoides displayed significant antioxidant activities in vitro. In addition, the extracts of the three parts can significantly increase the anti-oxidative stress level in wild-type C. elegans and prolong its lifespan, further demonstrating the antioxidant activity of Eucommia ulmoides.
Eucommia ulmoidesChlorogenic acid Caffeic acid Rutin Anti-oxidation C. elegans
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This work was supported by “131’’ innovative talents training project in Tianjin and the Natural Science Funds of Tianjin (No. 17JCQNJC06000).