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Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 2773–2789 | Cite as

Optimization of bioactive compounds extraction assisted by microwave parameters from Kappaphycus alvarezii using RSM and ANFIS modeling

  • Suraj Baskararaj
  • Panneerselvam Theivendren
  • Ponnusamy Palanisamy
  • Suthendran Kannan
  • Parasuraman Pavadai
  • Sankarganesh Arunachalam
  • Murugesan Sankaranarayanan
  • Uma Priya Mohan
  • Lokeshkumar Ramasamy
  • Selvaraj KunjiappanEmail author
Original Paper
  • 43 Downloads

Abstract

The main focus of present study is to optimize the extraction parameters for maximum yield of biomass, β-carotene and chlorophyll content and their antioxidants from Kappaphycus alvarezii by response surface methodology (RSM) along with adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). Central composite rotatable design of RSM was applied to optimize the effect of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) parameters. In this way, four parameters, such as methanol concentration (X1: 65–80%), microwave power (X2: 15–20%), radiation induced temperature (X3: 45–60 °C) and radiation exposure time (X4: 7.5–15 min) at five levels were selected. Optimal conditions were found as X1 = 80%, X2 = 20%, X3 = 45 °C and X4 = 12.5–14.5 min, under this condition, % yield of biomass (y1) = 86.231–87.212%, β-carotene and chlorophyll content (y2) = 77.348–82.841 mg/gm, %DPPHsc (y3) = 69.362–72.768%, %ABTSsc (y4) = 66.282–70.621%, FRAP (y5) = 62.654–64.381 μg mol (Fe(II))/g has been obtained. Also, optimized values of MAE parameters were compared and verified with ANFIS. Further, the major bioactive compounds present in the optimally obtained extract of K. alvarezii was identified through FTIR, gas chromatography-mass spectrum and HPLC.

Keywords

ANFIS CCRD Kappaphycus alvarezii Microwave-assisted extraction RSM 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the management of Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil, India for research fellowships and utilizing research facilities. We also thank Prof. Z. Maciej Gliwicz, Ms. Ewa Babkiwicz, and Dr. Piotr Maszczyk, Department of Hydrobiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland, for timely help and support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no Conflict of interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suraj Baskararaj
    • 1
  • Panneerselvam Theivendren
    • 2
  • Ponnusamy Palanisamy
    • 3
  • Suthendran Kannan
    • 4
  • Parasuraman Pavadai
    • 5
  • Sankarganesh Arunachalam
    • 1
  • Murugesan Sankaranarayanan
    • 6
  • Uma Priya Mohan
    • 1
  • Lokeshkumar Ramasamy
    • 7
  • Selvaraj Kunjiappan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyKalasalingam Academy of Research and EducationKrishnankoilIndia
  2. 2.Department of Research and DevelopmentSaraswathi Institute of Medical SciencesHapurIndia
  3. 3.School of Mechanical EngineeringVellore Institute of TechnologyVelloreIndia
  4. 4.National Cyber Defence Research CentreKalasalingam Academy of Research and EducationKrishnankoilIndia
  5. 5.Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of PharmacyM S Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Gnanagangothri CampusBengaluruIndia
  6. 6.Department of PharmacyBirla Institute of Technology and SciencePilaniIndia
  7. 7.School of Computer Science and EngineeringVellore Institute of TechnologyVelloreIndia

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