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Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 2491–2499 | Cite as

Chemotypes and radical scavenging activity of the essential oils from Artemisia arborescens L. growing in three areas of Bejaia (Algeria)

  • Azedine AbderrahimEmail author
  • Kamel Belhamel
  • Pierre Chalard
  • Gilles Figuérédo
Original Paper

Abstract

Artemisia arborescens L. is a medicinal and aromatic plant used in traditional medicine for its therapeutic properties to treat lung diseases, gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes and inflammations. The leaves of A. arborescens L. were harvested in Amizour, Cap Bouak and Sahel (Bejaia, Algeria) and their essential oils were analyzed by Gas Chromatography/Flame Ionization Detector and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. The main constituents were β-thujone in the essential oil of Cap Bouak (59.8%), camphor in the volatile oil of Sahel (58.7%) and chamazulene in that of Amizour (31.4%). The radical scavenging activity of these essential oils was evaluated against DPPH and ABTS radicals by calculation of IC50. The best activity against DPPH and ABTS radicals were that of Sahel essential oil with IC50 DPPH = 133.0 µg/mL and IC50 ABTS = 211.6 µg/mL. The Spearman test revealed no significant correlations between IC50 DPPH and the chemical composition of the essential oil from A. arborescens L., while correlations with IC50 ABTS indicated that hydrocarbon monoterpenes, oxygenated monoterpenes and hydrocarbon sesquiterpenes promote activity against ABTS radical. These results can give prospects of using essential oils from A. arborescens L. as a natural adjunct in medicine formulations to treat diseases caused by oxidative stress.

Keywords

Artemisia arborescens L. Essential oils Chemical composition Radical scavenging activity IC50 

Abbreviations

ABTS

2,2′-Azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)

DPPH

2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl

BHA

Butylated hydroxy anisole

BHT

Butylated hydroxy toluene

HM

Hydrocarbon monoterpenes

HS

Hydrocarbon sesquiterpenes

NT

Non terpenic compounds

OM

Oxyginated monoterpenes

OS

Oxyginated sesquiterpenes

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the National Park Gouraya (PNG) for the identification of the studied plant, and for providing us the necessary means to collect samples.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire Des Matériaux Organiques, Faculté de TechnologieUniversité de BejaiaBejaiaAlgeria
  2. 2.Département de Pétrochimie et Génie des Procédés, Faculté de TechnologieUniversité 20 aout 1955-SkikdaSkikdaAlgeria
  3. 3.SIGMA ClermontAubièreFrance
  4. 4.CNRS, UMR 6296, ICCFAubièreFrance
  5. 5.LEXVA AnalytiqueSaint-BeauzireFrance

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