Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 1730–1738 | Cite as

The assessment of fresh and spoiled beef meat using a prototype device based on GigE Vision camera and DSP

  • Assia ArsalaneEmail author
  • Noureddine El Barbri
  • Abdelmoumen Tabyaoui
  • Abdessamad Klilou
  • Karim Rhofir
Original Paper


Beef meat freshness was evaluated using artificial vision technique and pattern recognition algorithms. Color and texture features were extracted from the saturation images. The wavelet transform was used to characterize texture and a range of features was used to better characterize color. Two classes of beef meat samples were obtained from the projection of color, texture, and color associated with texture datasets using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method. The first class corresponds to fresh beef meat samples that have undergone 6 days of cold storage and the second class presents spoiled meat. Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) algorithms were used to classify and predict beef meat samples into fresh or spoiled samples. Results show that the classification and identification rates obtained by PNN are superior to LDA algorithm using the datasets of color, texture, and color associated with texture. In addition, results show that texture features associated with color features give the best classification and identification rates. An implementation of all proposed algorithms was carried out on a real time embedded system.


Beef meat Texture Wavelet analysis PCA PNN LDA 



This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Radiation, Material and InstrumentationFST, University of Hassan 1SettatMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratory of Informatics, Systems, Electrical, Networks and Telecommunications, LISERT-ENSAUniversity of Hassan 1KhouribgaMorocco
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’Automatique, de Conversion d’Energie et de Microélectronique, LACEM, FSTUniversity of Sultan Moulay SlimaneBeni MellalMorocco

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