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Influence of ultrasound-assist and classical extractions on total phenolic, tannin, flavonoids, tocopherol and antioxidant characteristics of Teucrium polium aerial parts

  • Reza FarahmandfarEmail author
  • Maryam Asnaashari
  • Tahmineh Bakhshandeh
Original Paper
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

Bioactive compounds, antioxidant activity and extraction yield of Teucrium polium aerial parts by different concentrations of aqueous and alcoholic solvents [water, ethanol and ethanol:water (50:50)] were investigated by ultrasonic and maceration. The total phenolic, tocopherol, tannin, flavonoid content and antioxidant activity (200–1200 ppm) of the extracts were determined and compared with butylated hydroxyanisol (BHA) (as a synthetic antioxidant) by DPPH· assay, β-carotene/linoleic bleaching inhibition and OSI methods. The results showed that the highest extraction yield (40.26%) and total phenolic (65.74 mg/g), tocopherol (112.13 µg/mL), tannin (5.90 mg/g) and flavonoid (5.60 mg/g) content were observed in ethanol:water (50:50) ultrasonic extraction. Moreover, as the highest bioactive components extracted by ethanol:water (50:50) ultrasonic methods, it signified that the highest radical scavenging activity with 91.45% and β-carotene/linoleic bleaching 84.14% inhibition at 1200 ppm of the extract which is higher than BHA (200 ppm) with 88.31% DPPH· radical scavenging activity and 76.83% inhibition in β-carotene/linoleic bleaching assay. Furthermore, addition of water as the safe, available and inexpensive solvent increased efficiency of ethanol.

Keywords

Aerial parts Antioxidant activity Teucrium polium Solvent extraction Ultrasound 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Sari Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources University (SANRU) for financial support under Project No. 02-1395-15.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest regarding publication of this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food Science and TechnologySari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University (SANRU)SariIran

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