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Technological, nutritional, functional and sensorial attributes of the cookies fortified with Calocybe indica mushroom

  • Himanshi RathoreEmail author
  • Sneha Sehwag
  • Shalinee Prasad
  • Satyawati Sharma
Original Paper
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

To boost the nutritional and functional quality of cookies, wheat flour was replaced with Calocybe indica powder (CIP) at different proportions (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%). Formulated CIP cookies were characterized for nutritional, functional and sensorial properties, and compared with conventional cookies to evaluate the stated purpose. The study revealed that CIP incorporation significantly (p < 0.05) increased protein, fibre, minerals (Fe, Zn and K), and β-glucan contents in dose dependent manner as compared to the control. Further, total contents of phenolic, flavonoids and antioxidants (DPPH and FRAP) properties were found toincrease from 6.26 to 17.53 mg GAE/g, 0.14 to 0.42 mg Quercetin/g, 5.36 to 15.19% RSA and 7.58 to 35.01 mg BHA/g respectively, with increasing levels of CIP. Moreover, In vitro starch digestion study revealed a significant decrease in starch hydrolysis index with incorporation of CIP, concomitantly reducing glycemic index of cookies from 94.57 to 54.54. Sensory profile of the samples was analysed using fuzzy logic, executed that 10% CIP cookies scored 57.72 defuzzified sensory score falling under medium category and hence, found to be acceptable and palatable. The study concluded that inclusion of CIP at 10% could output a sensorial acceptable, nutritionally rich functional cookie.

Keywords

Calocybe indica Cookies Mushroom Antioxidants Glycemic index Functional food 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are highly grateful to the University Grant Commission (UGC) (Grant No. 2010/2011-NETJRF-10299-69) and National Horticulture Board (NHB) (Grant No. NHBNHB/HO/IIT DELHI/005/2013-14) for providing financial support for carrying out the research work.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Rural Development and TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology DelhiHauz KhasIndia

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