Advertisement

Fruit quality and shelf life improvement of grape cv. Rish Baba using Brassinosteroid during cold storage

  • Zahra Pakkish
  • Bahareh GhorbaniEmail author
  • Roghayeh Najafzadeh
Original Paper
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

Chilling injury (CI) and decay are primary postharvest problems for horticulture crops such as grape fruits during storage. In the present study brassinosteroid (BR) was used in concentration of 0, 0.75 and 1.5 ppm on fruit quality of grape cv. Rish Baba during cold storage and then the quality parameters such as CI and decay, ion leakage, lipid peroxidation and accumulation of malon dialdehyde, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content, vitamin C, organic acids, total soluble solids, activity of antioxidant enzymes including catalase, peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were measured during 5 weeks. The results showed that BR effectively reduced CI and decay of grape fruits during chilling damage and also induced the activity of antioxidant enzymes, that 1.5 ppm showed the best effects. The results indicate that the elicitation of an antioxidant response in grape fruit by BR may be associated with CI alleviation. According to the results, BR maintained the grape fruit quality and shelf life. The present study is the first evidence that BR enhance grape fruit tolerance to cold stress.

Keywords

Antioxidant Bassinosteroid Chilling injury Grape 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    M.S. Aghdam, M. Asghari, B. Farmani, M. Mohayeji, H. Moradbeygi, Impact of postharvest brassinosteroids treatment on PAL activity in tomato fruit in response to chilling stress. Sci. Hortic. 144, 116–120 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Artés Hernndez, E. Aguayo, F. Artés, Alternative atmosphere treatments for keeping quality of ‘Autumn seedless’ table grapes during long term cold storage. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 31, 59–67 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Artés Hernndez, F.A. Tomás-Barberán, F. Artés, Modified atmosphere packaging preserves quality of SO2-free ‘Superior seedless’ table grapes. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 39, 146–154 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Bajguz, S. Hayat, Effects of brassinosteroids on the plant responses to environmental stresses. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 47, 1–8 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F.M. Basiouny, Blueberry fruit quality and storability influenced by postharvest application of polyamines and heat treatments. Proc. Fla. Land State Hortic. Soc. 109, 269–272 (1996)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.J. Bishop, C. Koncz, Brassinosteroids and plant steroid hormone signaling. Plant Cell 14, S97–S110 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.M. Cantin, M.W. Fidelibus, C.H. Crisosto, Application of abscisic acid (ABA) at veraison advanced red color development and maintained postharvest quality of ‘Crimson Seedless’ grapes. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 46, 237–241 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. Chervin, P. Westercamp, A. El-Kereamy, P. Rache, A. Tournaire, B. Roger, F. Goubran, S. Salib, R. Holmes, Ethanol vapours to complement or suppress sulfitefumigation of table grapes. Acta Hortic. 628, 779–784 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Z. Ding, S. Tian, X. Zheng, Z. Zhou, Y. Xu, Responses of reactive oxygen metabolism and quality in mango fruit to exogenous oxalic acid or salicylic acid under chilling temperature stress. Physiol. Plant. 130, 112–121 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    U.K. Divi, T. Rahman, P. Krishna, Brassinosteroid-mediated stress tolerance in Arabidopsis shows interactions with abscisic acid, ethylene and salicylic acid pathways. BMC Plant Biol. 10, 151 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G.H. Egley, R.N. Paul, K.C. Vaughn, S.O. Duke, Role of peroxidase in the development of water impermeable seed coats in Sida spinosa L.. Planta 157, 224–232 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Fujii, H. Saka, The promotive effect of brassinolide on lamina joint-cell elongation, germination and seedling growth under low-temperature stress in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Prod. Sci. 4, 210–214 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Fujioka, T. Yokota, Biosynthesis and metabolism of brassinosteroids. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 54, 1371–1464 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Gualanduzzi, E. Baraldi, I. Braschi, F. Carnevali, C.E. Gessa, A. De Santis, Respiration, hydrogen peroxide levels and antioxidant enzyme activities during cold storage of zucchini squash fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 52, 16–23 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R.Y. He, G.J. Wang, X.S. Wang 1991. Effects of brassinolide on growth and chilling resistance of maize seedlings. In: Cultler, H.G., Yokota T. & Adam, G. (Eds.), Brassinosteroids—Chemistry, Bioactivity and Application. ACS Symposium, Ser. 474. American Chemical Society, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Huang, Z. Guo, Responses of antioxidative system to chilling stress in two rice cultivars differing in sensitivity. Biol. Plant. 49, 81–84 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A.A. Kader, S. Ben Yehoshua, Effect of super atmospheric oxygene levels on postharvest physiology and quality of fresh fruits and vegetables. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 20, 1–13 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    O.A. Karabulut, J.L. Smilanick, F.M. Gabler, M. Mansour, S. Droby, Near140 harvest applications of Metschnikowia fructicola, ethanol, and sodium bicarbonate to 141 control postharvest diseases of grape in central California. Plant Dis. 87, 1384–1389 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. Ke, M. Mateos, A.A. Kader 1993. Regulation of fermrntative metabolism in fruits and vegetables by controlled atmospheres. In: Proceedings from the sixth international controlled atmosphere researches conference NRAES-71. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY pp. 63–77Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    T.W. Kim, Z.Y. Wang, Brassinosteroid signal transduction from receptor kinases to transcription factors. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 61, 681–704 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Lichter, Y. Zutahy, T. Kaplunov, N. Aharoni, S. Lurie, The effect of ethanol dip and modified atmosphere on prevention of botrytis rot of table grapes. HortTechnology 15, 284–291 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Lichter, Y. Zutahy, T. Kaplunov, Evaluation of table grape storage in boxes with sulfur dioxide-releasing pads with either an internal plastic liner or external wrap. HorTechnology 18(2), 206–214 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y. Liu, H. Jiang, Z. Zhao, L. An, Abscisic acid is involved in brassinosteroids-induced chilling tolerance in the suspension cultured cells from Chorispora bungeana. J. Plant Physiol. 168, 853–862 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H.P. Misra, I. Fridovich, The role of superoxide anion in the auto-oxidationof epinephrine and a simple assay for superoxide dismutase. J. Biol. Chem. 247, 3170–3175 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S.H. Mirdehghan, D. Valero, Bioactive compounds in tomato fruit and its antioxidant activity as affected by incorporation of aloe, eugenol, and thymol in fruit package during storage. Int. J. Food Prop. (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912.2016.1223128 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Najafzadeh, K. Arzani, N. Bouzari, K. Hashemi, Identification of new Iranian sour cherry genotypes with enhanced fruit quality parameters and high antioxidant properties. N. Z. J. Crop Hortic. Sci. 42, 275–287 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. Nakona, K. Asada, Hydrogen peroxide scavenged by ascorbate-specific peroxidase in spinach chloroplast. Plant Cell Physiol. 22, 867–880 (1981)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. Obenland, M. Dennis, S. Collin, J. Sievert, K. Fjeld, M.L. Arpaia, J. Thompson, D. Slaughter, Peel fluorescence as a means to identify freeze-damaged navel oranges. HorTechnology 19, 379–384 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Z. Pakkish, M. Tabatabaienia, The use and mechanism of NO to prevent frost damage to flower of apricot. Sci. Hortic. 198, 318–325 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    T.K. Prassad, Mechanisms of chilling-induced oxidative stress injury and tolerance in developing maize seedlings: changes in antioxidant system, oxidation of proteins and lipids, and protease activities. Plant J. 10, 1017–1026 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    S.D. Rajinder, P.P. Dhindsa, T.A. Thorpe, Leaf senescence: Correlated with increased levels of membrane permeability and lipid peroxidation, and decreased levels of superoxide dismutase and catalase. J. Exp. Bot. 32, 93–101 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    K.P. Roberts, S.A. Sargent, A.J. Fox, Effect of storage temperature on ripening and postharvest quality of grape and mini-pear tomatoes. Proc. Fla. State Hortic. Soc. 115: 80–84 (2002)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J.M. Sasse, Physiological actions of brassinosteroids: an update. J. Plant Growth Regul. 22, 276–288 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    L.J. Skog, C.L. Chu, Effect of ozone on qualities of fruits and vegetables in cold storage. Can. J. Plant Sci. 81, 773–778 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    A. Verma, C.P. Malik, V.K. Gupta, In vitro effects of brassinosteroids on the growth and antioxidant enzyme activities in groundnut. ISRN Agron. 10, 356–485 (2012)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    F. Villiers, A. Jourdain, O. Bastien, N. Leonhardt, S. Fujioka, G. Tichtincky, F. Parcy, J. Bourguignon, V. Hugouvieux, Evidence for functional interaction between brassinosteroids and cadmium response in Arabidopsis thaliana. J. Exp. Bot. 10, 335 (2012)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. Wagstaff, I. Bramke, E. Breeze, S. Thornber, E. Harrison, B. Thomas, V. Buchanan- Wollaston, T. Stead, H. Rogers, A specific group of genes respond to cold dehydration stress in cut Alstroemeria flowers whereas ambient dehydration stress accelerates developmental senescence expression patterns. J. Exp. Bot. 61, 2905–2921 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    C.Y. Wang, Approaches to reduce chilling injury of fruits and vegetables. Hortic. Rev. 15, 63–132 (1993)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    X.J. Xia, Y.J. Wang, Y.H. Zhou, Y. Tao, W.H. Mao, K. Shi, T. Asami, Z. Chen, J.Q. Yu, Reactive oxygen species are involved in brassinosteroid-induced stress tolerance in cucumber. Plant Physiol. 150, 801–814 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Y. Xing, X. Li, Q. Xu, J. Yun, Y. Lu, Y. Tang, Effects of chitosan coating enriched with cinnamon oil on qualitative properties of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Food Chem. 124, 1443–1450 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    W. Xu, X. Peng, Y. Luo, J. Wang, X. Guo, K. Huang, Physiological and biochemical responses of grapefruit seed extract dip on ‘Redglobe’ grape. LWT-Food Sci. Technol. 42, 471–476 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    A. Zhang, J. Zhang, N. Ye, J. Cao, M. Tan, J. Zhang, M. Jiang, ZmMPK5 is required for the NADPH oxidase-mediated self-propagation of apoplastic H2O2 in brassinosteroid-induced antioxidant defence in leaves of maize. J. Exp. Bot. 61, 4399–4411 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    C.F. Zhang, S.P. Tian, Peach fruit acquired tolerance to low temperature stress by accumulation of linolenic acid and N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine in plasma membrane. Food Chem. 120, 864–872 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Z. Zhu, Z. Zhang, G. Qin, S.P. Tian, Effects of brassinosteroids on postharvest disease and senescence of jujube fruit in storage. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 56, 50–55 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    M.R. Zokae Khosroshahi, M. Esna Ashari, A. Ershadi, Effect of exogenous puterscine on post-harvest life of strawberry (Fragari ananassa L.) fruit,cultivare Selva. Sci. Hortic. 114, 27–32 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Y. Zutkhi, T. Kaplunov, A. Lichter, R. Ben Arie, S. Lurie, I. Kosto, E. Raban, Extended storage of Redglobe grapes. Acta Hortic. 553, 617–618 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahra Pakkish
    • 1
  • Bahareh Ghorbani
    • 2
    Email author
  • Roghayeh Najafzadeh
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Horticultural ScienceShahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran
  2. 2.Department of Horticultural ScienceUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran
  3. 3.Department of Medicinal Plants, Higher Education Center Shahid Bakeri MiyandoabUrmia UniversityMiyandoabIran

Personalised recommendations