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Obésité

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 47–55 | Cite as

Le modèle transthéorique : description, intérêts et application dans la motivation à l’activité physique auprès de populations en surcharge pondérale

  • A. J. RomainEmail author
  • G. Chevance
  • J. Caudroit
  • P. Bernard
Article de Synthèse / Review Article

Résumé

La surcharge pondérale, véritable fléau mondial en expansion, est souvent associée à une mauvaise alimentation et à un manque d’activité physique (AP). La modification thérapeutique de ces deux comportements de santé constitue alors une pierre angulaire de la gestion de la surcharge pondérale. Cependant, il s’avère extrêmement difficile de construire des programmes ayant pour but de motiver à l’AP et, ainsi, d’augmenter le niveau de pratique. Des modèles de motivation et de changement de comportement ont ainsi été élaborés afin d’identifier les processus psychologiques permettant d’aider les individus à changer leur conduite de santé. Parmi ces modèles, nous avons voulu présenter et décrire un modèle en particulier le modèle transthéorique, tout en expliquant comment l’utiliser dans la construction d’intervention d’éducation thérapeutique ayant pour but de motiver à la pratique d’AP chez des personnes en surcharge pondérale.

Mots clés

Obésité Modèle transthéorique Activité physique Education thérapeutique 

The transtheoretical model: description, interests and application in the motivation to physical activity among population with overweight and obesity

Abstract

Overweight and obesity are a worldwide burden still in expansion and are often related to an inappropriate nutrition and a lack of physical activity (PA). The therapeutic lifestyle change of these behaviours constitutes a cornerstone in the management of weight problem. However, it appears difficult to realize programme with the goal to motivate to PA, and consequently, to increase its levels of practice. Models of motivation and behaviour change have been elaborated to help people in their lifestyle behaviour change. Among these models, we wanted to introduce, describe a model of motivation and behaviour change: the transtheoretical model. Furthermore, we explained how to handle it in order to build therapeutics education interventions to motivate the practice of PA among persons with overweight and obesity.

Keywords

Obesity Transtheoretical model Physical activity Therapeutic education 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Romain
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Chevance
    • 2
  • J. Caudroit
    • 3
  • P. Bernard
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche du CHU de Montréal (CRCHUM)MontréalCanada
  2. 2.EA 4556, Laboratoire Epsylon : dynamique des capacités humaines et des conduites de santéUniversité de MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire CRISUniversité Claude Bernard Lyon 1VilleurbanneFrance
  4. 4.Centre de recherche du CHU du QuébecQuébecCanada
  5. 5.Centre de recherche sur le cancerUniversité de LavalQuébecCanada
  6. 6.École de PsychologieUniversité LavalQuébecCanada

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