Obésité

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 182–187 | Cite as

Traitement de l’obésité sévère par by-pass gastrique : le profil psychologique n’est pas prédictif de la perte de poids au cours de la première année

  • E. Bauld
  • I. Iliescu
  • E. Bobbioni-Harsch
  • M. Reiner Meylan
  • S. Badel
  • O. Huber
  • A. Golay
Article Original / Original Article
  • 56 Downloads

Résumé

Méthodes

Le profil psychologique a été évalué chez 139 femmes obèses morbides, avant et une année après by-pass gastrique, par des tests psychologiques afin d’établir si des variables psychologiques (troubles du comportement alimentaire, dépression et anxiété) sont un facteur prédictif de la perte de poids après by-pass.

Résultats

La perte de poids moyenne observée à une année est de 37,9 ± 1,4 kg. Les scores de dépression (p < 0,01), les troubles du comportement alimentaire (p < 0,001) et l’affirmation de soi (p < 0,05) sont significativement améliorés une année après by-pass. Cependant, la perte de poids à un an n’a pas été influencée par le profil psychologique des patientes.

Conclusion

Le profil psychologique n’influence pas la perte de poids pendant la première année suivant la réalisation d’un by-pass gastrique.

Mots clés

Obésité sévère Perte de poids Profil psychologique By-pass gastrique 

Psychological profile is not predictive of weight loss after gastric by-pass

Abstract

Method

The psychological profiles of 139 morbidly obese women was evaluated before and one year after gastric by-pass. Psychological testing was used to determine whether preoperative psychological variables, such as eating disorders, depression and anxiety, are predictive of weight loss after gastric by-pass.

Results

The average weight loss at one year was 37.9 ± 1.4 kg. Depression scores (p < 0.01), binge eating disorder (p < 0.001) and self-assertiveness (p < 0.05) were significantly improved one year after gastric by-pass. However, weight loss at one year was not influenced by psychological profile.

Conclusion

Psychological profile does not affect weight loss one year after gastric by-pass.

Keywords

Severe obesity Weight loss Psychological profile Gastric by-pass 

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Copyright information

© Springer Paris 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Bauld
    • 1
  • I. Iliescu
    • 1
  • E. Bobbioni-Harsch
    • 1
  • M. Reiner Meylan
    • 1
  • S. Badel
    • 1
  • O. Huber
    • 2
  • A. Golay
    • 1
  1. 1.Service d’enseignement thérapeutique pour maladies chroniques, département de médecine communautairehôpitaux universitaires de GenèveGenève 14Suisse
  2. 2.Service de Chirurgie viscéralehôpitaux universitaires de GenèveGenève 14Suisse

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