Frontiers of Medicine

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 312–321 | Cite as

Disabled homolog 2 is required for migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells

  • Yinyin Xie
  • Yuanliang Zhang
  • Lu Jiang
  • Mengmeng Zhang
  • Zhiwei Chen
  • Dan Liu
  • Qiuhua Huang
Research Article

Abstract

Disabled homolog 2 (DAB2) is frequently deleted or epigenetically silenced in many human cancer cells. Therefore, DAB2 has always been regarded as a tumor suppressor gene. However, the role of DAB2 in tumor progression and metastasis remains unclear. In this study, DAB2 expression was upregulated along with human prostate cancer (PCa) progression. DAB2 overexpression or knockdown effects in LNCaP and PC3 cell lines were verified to address the biological functions of DAB2 in PCa progression and metastasis. LNCaP and PC3 cell lines were generated from human PCa cells with low and high metastatic potentials, respectively. The results showed that DAB2 shRNA knockdown can inhibit the migratory and invasive abilities of PC3 cells, as well as the tumorigenicity, whereas DAB2 overexpression enhanced LNCaP cell migration and invasion. Further investigation showed that DAB2 regulated the cell migration associated genes in PC3 cells, and the differential DAB2 expression between LNCaP and PC3 cells was partly regulated by histone 4 acetylation. Therefore, DAB2 may play an important role in PCa progression and metastasis.

Keywords

DAB2 prostate cancer migration invasion acetylation 

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yinyin Xie
    • 1
  • Yuanliang Zhang
    • 1
  • Lu Jiang
    • 1
  • Mengmeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhiwei Chen
    • 1
  • Dan Liu
    • 2
  • Qiuhua Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Medical GenomicsRuijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Center for Systems BiomedicineShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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