Frontiers of Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 48–55

Exploring the cancer genome in the era of next-generation sequencing

Review

Abstract

The emergence of next-generation sequencing technologies has led to dramatic advances in cancer genome studies. The increased efficiency and resolution of next-generation sequencing greatly facilitate the detection of genetic, genomic, and epigenomic alterations, such as single nucleotide mutations, small insertions and deletions, chromosomal rearrangements, copy number variations, and DNA methylation. Comprehensive analysis of cancer genomes through approaches of whole genome, exome, and transcriptome sequencing has significantly improved the understanding of cancer biology, diagnosis, and therapy. The present study briefly reviews the recent pioneering studies on cancer genome sequencing and provides an unprecedented insight into the landscape of genomic alterations in human sporadic cancers.

Keywords

next-generation sequencing cancer genome whole genome sequencing exome transcriptome 

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© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai-MOST Key Laboratory of Health and Disease GenomicsChinese National Human Genome Center at ShanghaiShanghaiChina

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