BAS-drive trait modulates dorsomedial striatum activity during reward response-outcome associations
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According to the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, behavioral studies have found that individuals with stronger reward sensitivity easily detect cues of reward and establish faster associations between instrumental responses and reward. Neuroimaging studies have shown that processing anticipatory cues of reward is accompanied by stronger ventral striatum activity in individuals with stronger reward sensitivity. Even though establishing response-outcome contingencies has been consistently associated with dorsal striatum, individual differences in this process are poorly understood. Here, we aimed to study the relation between reward sensitivity and brain activity while processing response-reward contingencies. Forty-five participants completed the BIS/BAS questionnaire and performed a gambling task paradigm in which they received monetary rewards or punishments. Overall, our task replicated previous results that have related processing high reward outcomes with activation of striatum and medial frontal areas, whereas processing high punishment outcomes was associated with stronger activity in insula and middle cingulate. As expected, the individual differences in the activity of dorsomedial striatum correlated positively with BAS-Drive. Our results agree with previous studies that have related the dorsomedial striatum with instrumental performance, and suggest that the individual differences in this area may form part of the neural substrate responsible for modulating instrumental conditioning by reward sensitivity.
KeywordsFMRI Dorsal striatum Reward sensitivity Personality Behavioral approach system Reinforcement sensitivity theory BIS/BAS
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional Review Board of the Universitat Jaume I and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
The project was supported by grants PSI2010-20,168 from Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, P1•1B2011-09 from the Universitat Jaume I to CA, and grants 040/2011 from Spanish National Drug Strategy Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, and PSI2012-33,054 from Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad to ABL.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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