Brain Imaging and Behavior

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 730–738 | Cite as

Greater preference consistency during the Willingness-to-Pay task is related to higher resting state connectivity between the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the ventral striatum

  • Scott Mackey
  • Valur Olafsson
  • Robin L. Aupperle
  • Kun Lu
  • Greg A. Fonzo
  • Jason Parnass
  • Thomas Liu
  • Martin P. Paulus
Original Research


The significance of why a similar set of brain regions are associated with the default mode network and value-related neural processes remains to be clarified. Here, we examined i) whether brain regions exhibiting willingness-to-pay (WTP) task-related activity are intrinsically connected when the brain is at rest, ii) whether these regions overlap spatially with the default mode network, and iii) whether individual differences in choice behavior during the WTP task are reflected in functional brain connectivity at rest. Blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) signal was measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging while subjects performed the WTP task and at rest with eyes open. Brain regions that tracked the value of bids during the WTP task were used as seed regions in an analysis of functional connectivity in the resting state data. The seed in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex was functionally connected to core regions of the WTP task-related network. Brain regions within the WTP task-related network, namely the ventral precuneus, ventromedial prefrontal and posterior cingulate cortex overlapped spatially with publically available maps of the default mode network. Also, those individuals with higher functional connectivity during rest between the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the ventral striatum showed greater preference consistency during the WTP task. Thus, WTP task-related regions are an intrinsic network of the brain that corresponds spatially with the default mode network, and individual differences in functional connectivity within the WTP network at rest may reveal a priori biases in choice behavior.


fMRI Value Preference Default mode network Ventromedial prefrontal cortex Ventral striatum 



This work was funded by a grants received from the National Institute on Drug Abuse: R01 DA027797 & P20 DA027843.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

11682_2015_9435_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (365 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 365 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott Mackey
    • 1
  • Valur Olafsson
    • 2
  • Robin L. Aupperle
    • 3
  • Kun Lu
    • 4
  • Greg A. Fonzo
    • 5
  • Jason Parnass
    • 6
  • Thomas Liu
    • 4
  • Martin P. Paulus
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Neuroscience Imaging CenterUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Laureate Institute for Brain ResearchTulsaUSA
  4. 4.Center for Functional MRIUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  6. 6.Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare SystemSan DiegoUSA

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