Perspectives on protected area and wildfire management in the Black Sea region

  • George N. ZaimesEmail author
  • Petros A. Tsioras
  • Chrysovalantis Kiosses
  • Mustafa Tufekcioglu
  • Sergiy Zibtsev
  • Ilya Trombitsky
  • Razvan Uratu
  • Luiza Gevorgyan
Original Paper


Protected areas are necessary for the conservation and enhancement of biodiversity. Wildfires are major threats to forests and other natural areas, because they may cause irreversible damages. The aim of this study was to analyze the perspective of experts (N = 284), from six countries of the Black Sea, on the current status and problems of protected areas and wildfires. Understanding their points of view could enhance future management on these issues in the region. Data collection was carried out for 9 months, using a web-based questionnaire. Wildfires were perceived as a serious problem in Turkey, Armenia and Greece but as a substantially less serious problem in Romania, Ukraine and Moldova. In Greece, Armenia, and especially Ukraine, the current designated protected areas are considered sufficient to maintain biodiversity, while in Romania, Turkey, and especially Moldova, more areas should be designated as protected. A major need in all countries (except for Turkey) is the increased use of information and communication technologies for both wildfire suppression and protected area management. Experts were divided on whether wildfire suppression and management of protected areas are interconnected. However, there is growing awareness of the adverse impacts of climate change in protected areas and the frequency of wildfires in the future. The most frequently suggested measures to alleviate these impacts were: changes in forest management and increasing public awareness for wildfire suppression, along with changes in forest management and increased staff training to enhance protected area conservation.


Climate change Experts Forested areas Web-based questionnaires 



The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the authors and can, under no circumstances, be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.

Supplementary material

11676_2018_857_MOESM1_ESM.docx (28 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 27 kb)


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • George N. Zaimes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Petros A. Tsioras
    • 2
  • Chrysovalantis Kiosses
    • 3
  • Mustafa Tufekcioglu
    • 4
  • Sergiy Zibtsev
    • 5
  • Ilya Trombitsky
    • 6
  • Razvan Uratu
    • 7
  • Luiza Gevorgyan
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of Forestry and Natural Environment ManagementEastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMaTTech)Mikrohoriou, DramaGreece
  2. 2.Department of Forestry and Natural EnvironmentAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessaloníkiGreece
  3. 3.Choristi, DramaGreece
  4. 4.Artvin Coruh UniversityArtvinTurkey
  5. 5.National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of UkraineKievUkraine
  6. 6.Eco-TIRAS International Association of River KeepersChişinăuRepublic of Moldova
  7. 7.Prefect’s Institution of Braila CountyBrailaRomania
  8. 8.Zikatar Environmental CentreMinistry of Nature ProtectionYerevanRepublic of Armenia

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