Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 1131–1137 | Cite as

The use of artificial nest boxes by Siberian flying squirrels (Pteromys volans) in South Korea

  • Jong-U Kim
  • Woo-shin Lee
  • Eun-Jae LeeEmail author
Original Paper


In this study, we examined the use of artificial nest boxes by Siberian flying squirrels (Pteromys volans) in three coniferous and mixed forests in Gangwon Province, South Korea. Six hundred and twelve boxes with different sized entry holes (ranging from 3 to 7 cm in diameter) were placed in the forests between 2004 and 2009. Pteromys volans used nine boxes in the coniferous forests and two boxes in the mixed forests. The squirrels only used boxes with entrance holes measuring 3.5, 4, and 5 cm in diameter, showing a strong and moderate preference for boxes with 5 and 4-cm holes, respectively, and a strong avoidance for boxes with 3- and 7-cm holes. Therefore, we suggest placing artificial nest boxes with entrance holes 5 cm in diameter to encourage breeding activity. Most nests made in the artificial boxes were composed of fibrous materials from woody vines. We recommend placing artificial nest boxes with holes of 5-cm diameter in coniferous forests, which support dense populations of P. volans, to survey whether this approach would positively affect the breeding habits and population maintenance of this species.


Artificial nest box Coniferous forests Nest materials Siberian flying squirrel Woody vines 


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forest SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Urban Planning Research DivisionDaejeon Sejong Research InstituteDaejeonRepublic of Korea

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