Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 1011–1021 | Cite as

Carbon storage of a subtropical forest ecosystem: a case study of the Jinggang Mountain National Nature Reserve in south-eastern China

  • Jiping Zhang
  • Linbo Zhang
  • Haiguang HaoEmail author
  • Chunlan Liu
  • Hui Wang
Original Paper


The carbon cycle of forest ecosystems plays a key role in regulating CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. Research on carbon storage estimation of forest ecosystems has become a major research topic. However, carbon budgets of subtropical forest ecosystems have received little attention. Reports of soil carbon storage and topographic heterogeneity of carbon storage are limited. This study focused on the Jinggang Mountain National Nature Reserve as an example of a mid-subtropical forest and evaluated soil and vegetation carbon storage by field sampling combined with GIS, RS and GPS technology. We classified the forest into nine forest types using ALOS high-resolution remote sensing images. The evergreen broad-leaved forest has the largest area, occupying 26.5% of the total area, followed by coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests and warm temperate coniferous forest, occupying 24.2 and 22.9%, respectively. The vegetation and soil carbon storage of the whole forest ecosystem were 1,692,344 and 5,514,707 t, with a carbon density of 7.4 and 24.2 kg/m2, respectively, which suggests that the ecosystem has great carbon storage capacity. The topographic heterogeneity of the carbon storage was also analysed. The largest vegetation storage and soil storage is at 700–800 and 1000–1100 m, respectively. The vegetation carbon storage is highest in the southeast, south and southwest.


Vegetation carbon storage Soil carbon storage Mid-subtropical forest ecosystem Jinggang Mountain National Nature Reserve 


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiping Zhang
    • 1
  • Linbo Zhang
    • 2
  • Haiguang Hao
    • 2
    Email author
  • Chunlan Liu
    • 1
  • Hui Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental ProtectionBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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