Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 157–170 | Cite as

Assessment of biomass and net primary productivity of a dry tropical forest using geospatial technology

  • Tarun Kumar ThakurEmail author
  • S. L. Swamy
  • Arvind Bijalwan
  • Mammohan J. R. Dobriyal
Original Paper


This study quantifies biomass, aboveground and belowground net productivity, along with additional environmental factors over a 2–3 year period in Barnawapara Sanctuary of Chhattisgarh, India through satellite remote-sensing and GIS techniques. Ten sampling quadrates 20 × 20, 5 × 5 and 1 × 1 m were randomly laid for overstorey (OS), understorey (US) and ground vegetation (GS), respectively. Girth of trees was measured at breast height and collar diameters of shrubs and herbs at 0.1 m height. Biomass was estimated using allometric regression equations and herb biomass by harvesting. Net primary productivity (NPP) was determined by summing biomass increment and litter crop values. Aspect and slope influenced the vegetation types, biomass and NPP in different forests. Standing biomass and NPP varied from 18.6 to 101.5 Mg ha−1 and 5.3 to 12.7 Mg ha−1 a−1, respectively, in different forest types. The highest biomass was found in dense mixed forest, while net production recoded in Teak forests. Both were lowest in degraded mixed forests of different forest types. OS, US and GS contributed 90.4, 8.7 and 0.7%, respectively, for the total mean standing biomass in different forests. This study developed spectral models for the estimation of biomass and NPP using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and other vegetation indices. The study demonstrated the potential of geospatial tools for estimation of biomass and net productivity of dry tropical forest ecosystem.


Allometric regression equations Fine root biomass Litter fall LAI NDVI Spectral models 



The authors are thankful to the Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh and Forest department of Chhattisgarh for their support and cooperation during the study. The authors also express sincere thanks to anonymous reviewers to improve this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tarun Kumar Thakur
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. L. Swamy
    • 2
  • Arvind Bijalwan
    • 3
  • Mammohan J. R. Dobriyal
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceIndira Gandhi National Tribal University (IGNTU)AmarkantakIndia
  2. 2.Department of ForestryIndira Gandhi Agricultural UniversityRaipurIndia
  3. 3.Faculty of Technical ForestryIndian Institute of Forest ManagementBhopalIndia
  4. 4.Navsari Agriculture UniversityGujratIndia

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