Biomass production and carbon balance in two hybrid poplar (Populus euramericana) plantations raised with and without agriculture in southern France

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Abstract

Poplar is useful in different climates for bioenergy production and carbon sequestration when planted as a single species or in agroforestry. Europe has large areas potentially suitable for poplar forestry and a bioenergy policy that would encourage poplar forestry. In this study I estimated biomass production and carbon sequestration in poplar monoculture plantation and poplar-wheat agroforestry, in the Mediterranean region of France. A single-tree harvesting method was used to estimate biomass and an empirical conversion factor was adopted to calculate sequestered carbon. Total biomass was higher in agroforestry trees (1223 kg tree−1) than in monoculture plantation trees (1102 kg tree−1). Aboveground and belowground biomass distributions were similar in both cases (89 and 88% aboveground, and 11 and 12% belowground, respectively in agroforestry and monoculture). The partitioning of total biomass in an agroforestry tree in leaves, branch, and trunk (aboveground), and fine roots, medium roots, coarse roots and underground stem (belowground) was 1, 22, and 77, and 6, 9, 44 and 40%, respectively. Except for branch and trunk, all other compartments were similarly distributed in a monoculture tree. Storage of C was higher in agroforestry trees (612 kg tree−1) than in monoculture trees (512 kg tree−1). In contrast, C storage on a per hectare basis was lower in agroforestry (85 Mg ha−1) than in monoculture (105 Mg ha−1) due to the lower density of trees per hectare in agroforestry (139 trees in agroforestry vs 204 trees in monoculture). On a per hectare basis, soil C stocks pattern were similar to per tree stocking: They were higher in agroforestry at 330 Mg ha−1 than in monoculture 304 Mg ha−1. Higher C accumulation by agroforestry has a direct management implication in the sense that expanding agroforestry into agriculture production areas with short rotation and fast growing trees like poplar would encourage quicker and greater C sequestration. This could simultaneously fulfil the requirement of bioenergy plantation in Europe.

Keywords

Populus euramericana Wood volume and density Root: shoot ratio Vegetation and soil carbon System efficiency 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was done while the author was studying at AgroParisTech-ENGREF, Montpellier, France. The author is extremely thankful to Dr Christian Dupraz, the Chief of Metafor Team at UMR system, INRA, Montpellier for providing his guidance, laboratory facility and human resource for conducting this research. The author further acknowledges European Union and INRA, Montpellier for providing financial support during the research work.

Supplementary material

11676_2018_590_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 18 kb)

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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMR SystemsInstitute Nationale de la Recherche AgronomiqueMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Technical Forestry, Indian Institute of Forest ManagementBhopalIndia

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