A recommended rate for application of Chaetomium globosum ND35 fungus fertilizer on poplar plantations in China

  • Xuanxuan Xia
  • Kexiang Gao
  • Xianshuang Xing
  • Rui Yang
  • Shuyong Zhang
  • Zilong Du
  • Jing Guo
  • Xia Liu
Original Paper
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

Previous studies showed that Chaetomium globosum ND35 fungus fertilizer can improve the microbial community structure and enzyme activities of replanted soil. However, it remains unclear whether can improve the physiological and ecological characteristics of plants under successive rotation. In this study, we investigated the photosynthetic, physiological, and biochemical indexes including photosynthetic parameters, chlorophyll fluorescence, and chlorophyll content of 1-year-old poplar seedlings under seven different doses (range from 0 to 1.67 g kg−1) of C. globosum ND35 fungus fertilizer to study the effects of fungus fertilizer on photosynthesis of Poplar. Our results showed that: (1) With increasing application of fungus fertilizer in replanted soil, chlorophyll content of poplar leaves (Chl) increased, while physiological indexes such as electron transport rate (ETR), net photosynthetic rate (Pn), quantum efficiency (Φ), nitrate reductase (NR) activity and root vigor initially increased and then declined. Meanwhile, heat dissipation that depended on the xanthophyll cycle declined and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) initially increased and then decreased. When the dose of C. globosum ND35 fungus fertilizer was 0.67 g kg−1 (T3) and 1.00 g kg−1 (T4), excess light energy of photosynthetic apparatus was reduced, and photosynthetic apparatus distributed more light energy to the direction of photochemical reactions, which improved the efficiency of energy use. Plant height and biomass of leaves, stems, and roots were maximum at T3. We conclude that applying appropriate amounts of C. globosum ND35 fungus fertilizer can improve root physiological activity and capacity for use of light by poplar leaves. This can improve the operating states of the photosynthetic apparatus and lead to increased photosynthetic efficiency of poplar leaves and accumulation of dry matter. This suggests a strategy to alleviate the successive rotation obstacle of soil nutrient depletion.

Keywords

Poplar Successive rotation Chaetomium globosum ND35 Photosynthesis Light use efficiency 

References

  1. Berg G (2009) Plant–microbe inter actions promoting plant growth and health: perspectives for controlled use of microorganisms in agriculture. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 84:11–18CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhat AK (2013) Preserving microbial diversity of soil ecosystem: a key to sustainable productivity. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 2:85–101Google Scholar
  3. Chaukiyal SP, Khatri N, Bhatia P, Pokhriyal TC (2014) Standardization of in vivo nitrate reductase activity and its pattern in the individual leaf blades of Myrica esculenta Buch. Ham. ex. D. Don. Indian J Plant Physiol 19(3):287–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen J, Zhang GC, Zhang SY, Wang MJ (2008) Response processes of Aralia elara photosynthesis and transpiration to light and soil moisture. Chin J Appl Ecol 19(6):1185–1190Google Scholar
  5. Coelho C, Marangon J, Rodrigues D, Moura José JG, Romão MJ, Patrícia M, de Sousa P, dos Santos MMC (2013) Induced peroxidase activity of haem containing nitrate reductases revealed by protein film electrochemistry. J Electroanal Chem 693:105–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dobrowski SZ, Pushnik JC, Zarco-Tejada PJ, Ustin SL (2005) Simple reflectance indices track heat and water stress-induced changes in steady-state chlorophyll fluorescence at the canopy scale. Remote Sens Environ 97:403–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fumanal B, Plenchette C, Chauvel B et al (2006) Which role can arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi play in the facilitation of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. invasion in France. Mycorrhiza 17(1):25–35CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Gamon JA, Field CB, Bilger W, Björkman O, Fredeen AL, Peñuelas J (1990) Remote sensing of the xanthophyll cycle and chlorophyll fluorescence in sunflower leaves and canopie. Oecologia 85:1–7CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Gamon JA, Peñuelas J, Field CB (1992) A narrow-waveband spectral index that tracks diurnal changes in photosynthetic efficiency. Remote Sens Environ 41:35–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gao JF, Liu XG, Gao KX, Liu X, Li C, Wang QH (2011) Optimazation of media for culturing endophytic fungus Chaetomium globosum isolated from a poplar detection and dynamics of antifungal substances. Sci Silvae Sin 47(2):82–88Google Scholar
  11. Ge JQ, Yu XC, Wang ZH (2003) The function of microbial fertilizer and its application prospects. Chin J Eco-Agric 11(3):87–88Google Scholar
  12. Kaur R, Gupta AK, Taggar GK (2014) Nitrate reductase and nitrite as additional components of defense system in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) against Helicoverpa armigera herbivory. Pestic Biochem Physiol 115:39–47CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Lang Y, Wang M, Zhang GC, Zhao QK (2013) Experimental and simulated light responses of photosynthesis in leaves of three tree species under different soil water conditions. Photosynthetica 51(3):370–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li YQ, Xin SJ, Ao YS (2012) Effects of microbial fertilizers on the growth, yield and quality of cucumber in greenhouse cultivation. Chin Agric Sci Bull 28(01):259–263Google Scholar
  15. Li N, Qiao ZW, Hong JP, Xie YH, Zhang P (2014) Effect of soluble phosphorus microbial mixed fertilizers on phosphorus nutrient and phosphorus adsorption-desorption characteristics in calcareous cinnamon soil. Chin J Appl Environ Biol 20(4):662–668Google Scholar
  16. Liu P, Li MJ (2007) Plant physiology experiment technology, vol 63. Science Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu XG, Gao KX, Gu JC, Du JL, Tang XG (1999) Effects of Chaetomium globosum ND35 fungal fertilizer on continuous cropping soil microorganism and Malus hupehensis seedling biomass. Sci Silvae Sin 35(5):57–62Google Scholar
  18. Liu G, Zhang GC, Liu X (2010) Responses of Cotinus coggygria var. cinerea photosynthesis to soil drought stress. Chin J Appl Ecol 21(7):1697–1701Google Scholar
  19. Long SP, Baker NR, Raines CA (1993) Analyzing the responses of photosynthetic CO2 as similation to long-term elevation of atmospheric CO2 concentration. Vegetation 104/105:33–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Meng QW, Gao HY (2011) Plant physiology, vol 1. China Agricultural Press, Beijing, p 109Google Scholar
  21. Meng QG, Liu XG, Gao KX, Kang ZS, Wang HQ (2009) Chaetomium globosum ND35 colonization and influence on enzymes activities in poplar. Acta Phytophylacica Sin 36(1):91–92Google Scholar
  22. Peng T, Yao G, Gao HY, Li PM, Wang WW, Sun S, Zhao SJ (2009) Relationship between xanthophylls cycle and photochemical reflectance index measured at leaf or canopy level in two field-grown plant species. Acta Ecol Sin 29(4):1987–1993Google Scholar
  23. Richardson AD, Duigan SP, Berlyn GP (2002) An evaluation of noninvasive methods to estimate foliar chlorophyll content. New Phytol 153:185–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rohacek K (2002) Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters: the definitions, photosynthetic meaning and mutual relationships. Photosynthetica 40(1):13–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sims DA, Gamon JA (2002) Relationships between leaf pigment content and spectral reflectance across a wide range of species, leaf structures and developmental stages. Remote Sens Environ 81:337–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Song FH, Wang S, Zhang XF, Gao KX, Yin CL, Chen XS, Mao ZQ (2015) Effects of Chaetomium globosum ND35 fungal fertilizer on continuous cropping soil microorganism and Malus hupehensis seedling biomass. Acta Hortic Sin 42(2):205–213Google Scholar
  27. Stylinski CD, Gamon JA, Oechel WC (2002) Seasonal patterns of reflectance indices, carotenoid pigments and photosynthesis of evergreen chaparral species. Oecologia 131:366–374CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Sun Y, Xu WJ, Fan AL (2006) Effects of salicylic acid on chlorophyll fluorescence and xanthophyll cycle in cucumber leaves under high temperature and strong light. Chin J Appl Ecol 17(3):399–402Google Scholar
  29. Tan XM, Wang HT, Kong LG, Wang YP (2008) Accumulation of phenolic acids in soil of a continuous cropping Poplar plantation and their effects on soil microbes. J Shandong Univ (Natural Science) 43(1):14–19Google Scholar
  30. Weng JH, Jhaung LH, Jiang JY, Lai GM, Liao TS (2006) Down-regulation of photosystem 2 efficiency and spectral reflectance in mango leaves under very low irradiance and varied chilling treatments. Photosynthetica 44(2):248–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Xia JB, Zhang GC, Zhang SY, Sun JK, Zhao YY, Shao HB, Liu JT (2014) Photosynthetic and water use characteristics in three natural secondary shrubs on Shell Islands, Shandong, China. Plant Biosyst 148:109–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Xia JB, Zhang SY, Guo J, Rong QQ, Zhang GC (2015) Critical effects of gas exchange parameters in Tamarix chinensis Lour on soil water and its relevant environmental factors on a shell ridge island in China’s Yellow River Delta. Ecol Eng 76:36–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Xu DQ (2002) Photosynthetic efficiency, vol 13. Shanghai Scientific and Technology Press, Shanghai, pp 99–101Google Scholar
  34. Yang Y, Wang HT, Wang YP, Jiang YZ, Wang ZQ (2011) Effects of exogenous phenolic acids on root physiologic characteristics and morphologic development of poplar hydroponic cuttings. Sci Silvae Sin 31(1):0090–0097Google Scholar
  35. Ye RW, Thomas SM (2001) Microbial nitrogen cycles: physiology, genomics and applications. Curr Opin Microbiol 4:307–312CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhang JL, Zhu JJ, Cao KF (2007) Seasonal variation in photosynthesis in six woody species with different leaf phenology in a valley savanna in southwestern China. Trees. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-007-0156-9 Google Scholar
  37. Zou Q (2006) Plant physiology experiment guidance. China Agriculture Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuanxuan Xia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kexiang Gao
    • 3
  • Xianshuang Xing
    • 4
  • Rui Yang
    • 1
  • Shuyong Zhang
    • 1
  • Zilong Du
    • 4
  • Jing Guo
    • 1
  • Xia Liu
    • 5
  1. 1.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Ecological Restoration, Taishan Forest Eco-station of State Forestry AdministrationForestry College of Shandong Agricultural UniversityTai’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiangsu Post and Telecommunications Planning and Designing Institute Co., Ltd.NanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Plant Protection Brief of Shandong Agricultural UniversityTai’anPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Hydrographic Office of Shandong ProvinceJinanPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Ecological Restoration, Collaborative Innovation Center of Sustainable Forestry in Southern China of Jiangsu ProvinceForestry College of Nanjing Forestry UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations