Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 475–481 | Cite as

Allometric prediction of above-ground biomass of eleven woody tree species in the Sudanian savanna-woodland of West Africa

  • Louis Sawadogo
  • Patrice SavadogoEmail author
  • Daniel Tiveau
  • Sidzabda Djibril Dayamba
  • Didier Zida
  • Yves Nouvellet
  • Per Christer Oden
  • Sita Guinko
Original Paper


Allometric models are necessary for estimating biomass in terrestrial ecosystems. Generalized allometric relationship exists for many tropical trees, but species- and region-specific models are often lacking. We developed species-specific allometric models to predict aboveground biomass for 11 native tree species of the Sudanian savanna-woodlands. Diameters at the base and at breast height, with species means ranging respectively from 11 to 28 cm and 9 to 19 cm, and the height of the trees were used as predictor variables. Sampled trees spanned a wide range of sizes including the largest sizes these species can reach. As a response variable, the biomass of the trees was obtained through destructive sampling of 4 754 trees during wood harvesting. We used a stepwise multiple regression analysis with backward elimination procedure to develop models separately predicting, total biomass of the trees, stem biomass, and biomass of branches and twigs. All species-specific regression models relating biomass with measured tree dimensions were highly significant (p < 0.001). The biomass of branches and twigs was less predictable compared to stem biomass and total biomass, although their models required fewer predictors and predictor interactions. The best-fit equations for total above-ground biomass and stem biomass had R 2 > 0.70, except for the Acacia species; for branches including twig biomass, R2-values varied from 0.749 for Anogeissus leiocarpa to 0.183 for Acacia macrostachya. The use of these equations in estimating available biomass will avoid destructive sampling, and aid in planning for sustainable use of these species.


allometry above-ground biomass indigenous woody species linear regression site specific equation 


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis Sawadogo
    • 1
  • Patrice Savadogo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Daniel Tiveau
    • 3
  • Sidzabda Djibril Dayamba
    • 2
  • Didier Zida
    • 1
  • Yves Nouvellet
    • 4
  • Per Christer Oden
    • 2
  • Sita Guinko
    • 5
  1. 1.Département Productions ForestièresInstitut de l’Environnement et de Recherches AgricolesKoudougouBurkina Faso
  2. 2.Faculty of Forest Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research CentreSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesAlnarpSweden
  3. 3.Ambassade de SuèdeKinshasa-GombeRépublique Démocratique du Congo
  4. 4.Consulat Général de France à Pointe Noire (Congo) Valise DiplomatiqueParis 07 SPFrance
  5. 5.Unité de Formation et Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la TerreUniversité de OuagadougouOuagadougou 03Burkina Faso

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