Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 303–306 | Cite as

Effects of inorganic fertilizers on biological nitrogen fixation and seedling growth of some agroforestry trees in Bangladesh

  • Mohammad Belal Uddin
  • Mohammed Abu Sayed Arfin KhanEmail author
  • Sharif Ahmed Mukul
  • Mohammed Kamal Hossain
Research Paper


The effects of different inorganic fertilizers (Urea and Triple Super Phosphate (TSP)) on seedling growth and nodulation capabilities of four agroforestry tree species (Albizia chinensis, A. saman, Acacia nilotica and Sesbania sesban) were compared. The nodulation of these seedlings were treated with different fertilizer treatments (at the rate of urea 40 kg·hm−2, urea 80 kg·hm−2, TSP 40 kg·hm−2, TSP 80 kg·hm−2, (urea+TSP) 40 kg·hm−2–and (urea+TSP) 80 kg·hm−2) after one month of seed germination. The results revealed that the seedling growth was enhanced significantly with moderate fertilizer treatment. In some cases, the higher levels of fertilizers reduced the seedling growth. The study also revealed that the nodulation in nodule number and size was significantly inhibited by the application of N fertilizer (Urea), while it was increased significantly with the application of P fertilizer (TSP). This study improved our understanding and provided insights that would be useful to the farmers in their efforts to amend the soil with inorganic fertilizers in order to enhance plant growth and biological nitrogen fixation.


inorganic fertilizer urea Triple Super Phosphate (TSP) agroforestry Albizia chinensis A. saman Acacia nilotica Sesbania sesban 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abdul-Wahab HH, Zahran HH, Abd-Alla MH. 1996. Root-hair infection and nodulation of four grain legumes as affected by the form and the application time of nitrogen fertilizer. Folia Microbiol., 41: 303–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adu-Gyamfi JJ, Fujita K, Ogata S. 1989. Phosphorous absorption and utilization efficiency of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) In relation to dry matter production and dinitrogen fixation, Plant and soil, 119: 315–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arreseigor C, Minchin FR, Gordon AJ, Nath AK 1997. Possible cause of the physiological decline in soybean nitrogen fixation in response to nitrate. J Exp Bot, 48: 905–913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhuiyan MZA, Hossain MK, Osman KT. 2000. Effect of inorganic fertilizers on the initial growth performance of Casuarina equisetifolia seedlings in the nursery. Indian Journal of Forestry, 23(3): 296–300.Google Scholar
  5. Brockwell J, Bottomley PJ, Thies JE. 1995. Manipulation of Rhizobia microflora for improving legume productivity and soil fertility: a critical assessment. Plant and Soil, 174: 143–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Danso SKA, Bowen GD, Sanginga N. 1992. Biological Nitrogen Fixation in trees in agroforestry systems. Plant and Soil, 141: 177–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Das DK, Alam MK. 2001. Trees of Bangladesh. Chittagong: Bangladesh Forest Research Institute (BFRI), 342 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Domingo IL. 1983. Nitrogen Fixation in Southeast Asian Forestry: Research and Practice. In: Gordon, J. C. and Wheeler, C. T. (eds.), Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Forest Ecosystems: Foundations and Applications. Martinus Nijhoff/Dr. W. Junk, The Hague, 342 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Heilman PE, Fu-Guang X. 1993. Influence of nitrogen on growth and productivity of short-rotation of Populus trichocarpa Populus deltoides hybrids. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 23: 1863–1869.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hossain MK, Khan BM. 2003. Performance of two exotic nitrogen fixing tree species at Chittagong University campus, Bangladesh. NFT News, 6(1):2–3.Google Scholar
  11. Hossain MS, Hossain MK, Koirala B. 2001. Growth and nodulation status of seven multipurpose tree legumes grown in hill soils under nursery conditions. J For and Env, 1(1): 97–101.Google Scholar
  12. Huda SMS, Sujauddin M, Shafinat S, Uddin MS. 2007. Effect of phosphorus and potassium addition on growth and nodulation of Dalbergia sissoo in the nursery. Journal of Forestry Research, 18(4):279–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jasper DA, Abbott LK, Robson AD. 1989. Acacias respond to additional phosphorous and to inoculation with VA mycorrhizal funji in soil stock piled during mineral sand mining. Plant and Soil, 115: 99–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kang BT, Reynolds L, Atta-Krah AN. 1990. Alley farming. Advances in Agronomy, 43: 315–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. MacDicken KG. 1994. Selection and management of nitrogen fixing trees. Morrilton, Arkansas, USA: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development and Bangkok, Thailand: FAORAP, pp27.Google Scholar
  16. Maze J, Vyse A. 1993. An analysis of growth, growth incre-ments, and the integration of growth increments in a fertilizer test of Picea engelmannii in south-central British Columbia. Can J Bot, 71: 1449–1457.Google Scholar
  17. Munns DN. 1997. Mineral nutrition and the legume symbiosis. In: Hardy, R. W. Gibson, A. H. (eds), A Treatise on Dinitrogen Fixatiion. Section 4. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  18. Pankaj P, Prasad P, Nautiyal AR. 1998. Response of two multipurpose tree legumes to different fertilizer treatments at nursery level. Indian journal of Forestry, 21(3):273–0279.Google Scholar
  19. Peoples MB, Herridge DF, Ladha JK. 1995. Biological nitrogen fixation: An efficient source of nitrogen for sustainable agricultural production. Plant and Soil, 174: 3–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Reijnties C, Hoverkork B, Water-Bayer A. 1992. An Introduction to Low-External-Input and Sustainable Agriculture. John Wiley & Sons. London, p 340.Google Scholar
  21. Rho BJ, Kil BS. 1986. Influence of phytotoxin from Pinus rigida on the selected plants. J Nat Sci Wankwang Univ, 5: 19–27.Google Scholar
  22. Sanginga N, Danso SKA, Bowen GD. 1989. Nodulation and growth response of Allocasuarina and Casuarina species to P fertilization. Plant and Soil, 119: 125–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sanginga N, Mulongoy K, Ayanaba A 1986. Inoculation of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam) de Wit with Rhizobium and its contribution to subsequent maize crop. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 3: 341–347.Google Scholar
  24. Sanginga N, Wirkom LE, Okogun O, Akobundu AI, Carsky RJ, Tian G. 1996. Nodulation and estimation of symbiotic nitrogen fixation by herbaceous and legumes in Guinea Savanna in Nigeria. Biol Fertil Soils, 23: 441–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Solaiman ARM. 1999. Influence of Rhizobium inoculant, nitrogen and boron on nodulation, dry weight and grain yield of chickpea. Ann Bangladesh Agric, 9(1): 75–84.Google Scholar
  26. Stamford NP, Ortega AD, Temprano F, Santos DR. 1997. Effects of phosphorous fertilization and inoculation of Bradyrhizobium and mycorrohizal fungi on growth of Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia in an acid soil. Soil Biol. Biochem, 29(5/6): 959–964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tate RL. 1995. Soil microbiology (symbiotic nitrogen fixation). New York: John Willey & Sons, Inc., p 307–333.Google Scholar
  28. Uddin MB. 2003. Effects of fertilizers on biological nitrogen fixation and seedling growth of some agroforestry tree seedlings in Bangladesh. M.Sc. thesis paper. Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  29. Uddin MB, Mukul SA, Khan MASA, Hossain MK. 2007. Effects of Phosphorous fertilizer on seedlings growth and nodulation capabilities of some popular agroforestry tree species of Bangladesh. Journal of Forestry Research. 18(4): 283–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Van den Driessche R. 1980. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorous fertilization on Douglas fir nursery growth and survival after outplnting. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 10(1): 65–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Verma RK, Khatri PK, Bagde M, Pathak HD, Totet NG. 1996. Effect of biofertilizer and phosphorous on growth of Dalbergia sissoo. Indian Journal of Forestry, 19(3): 244–246.Google Scholar
  32. Walker RB, Chowdappa P, Gessel SP. 1993. Major element deficiencies in Casuarina equisetifolia. Fertilizer Research, 34: 127–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zahran HH. 1999. Rhizobium-Legume symbiosis and nitrogen fixation under severe conditions and in an arid climate. Microbiology and Moleculer Reviews, 63(4): 968–989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Belal Uddin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohammed Abu Sayed Arfin Khan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sharif Ahmed Mukul
    • 1
  • Mohammed Kamal Hossain
    • 3
  1. 1.Dep. of For. and Env. Sci School of Agriculture and Mineral SciencesShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of BiogeographyUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Forestry and Environmental SciencesUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh

Personalised recommendations