Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 271–278

Distribution patterns of vegetation biomass and nutrients bio-cycle in alpine tundra ecosystem on Changbai Mountains, Northeast China

  • Wei Jing 
  • Jiang Ping 
  • Yu De-yong 
  • Wu Gang 
  • Fu Hai-wei 


A study was conducted to test the correlation between biomass and elevation and the differences in concentration and storks of nutrients among five vegetation types (Felsenmeer alpine tundra vegetation-FA, Lithic alpine tundra vegetation-LA, Typical alpine tundra vegetation-TA, Meadow alpine tundra vegetation-MA, and Swamp alpine tundra vegetation-SA) on alpine tundra of Changbai Mountains, Jilin Province, China in growing seasons of 2003, 2004 and 2005. The biomass of 43 mono-species and soil nutrients in alpine tundra ecosystem were also investigated. Dominant species from Ericaceae (such as Rhododendron chrysanthum and Vaccinium jliginosum var. alpinum) were taken to analyze organ biomass distribution. Result showed that the biomass and elevation had a significant correlation (Biomass=−237.3 ln(Elevation) +494.36; R2=0.8092; P<0.05). No significant differences were found in phosphorus and sulphur concentrations of roots, stems and leaves among the five vegetation types. There were significant differences in nitrogen and phosphorus stocks of roots, stems and leaves and in sulphur stock of stems and leaves among TA, MA, and SA vegetation types (p<0.05). The nutrient stock of five vegetations was averagely 72.46 kg·hm−2, of which N, P, S were 48.55, 10.33 and 13.61 kg·hm−2, respectively. Soil N and S concentrations in meadow alpine tundra soil type was significantly higher than those in other four soil types (Cold desert alpine tundra soil, Lithic alpine tundra soil, Peat alpine tundra soil, and Gray alpine tundra soil). Phosphorous concentration in SA type was higher (p<0.05) than in other types. Soil nutrient stock (0–20cm) was averagely 39.59 t·hm−2, of which N, P, S were 23.74, 5.86, 9.99 t·hm−2, respectively.


Nutrients bio-cycle Stock Vegetation type Soil type Vegetation biomass 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aaron, B.S., Robert, L., Sanford, Jr. 2001. Soil nutrient differences between two krummholz-form tree species and adjacent alpine tundra. Geoderma, 102: 205–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aerts, R., Chapin, F.S. 2000. The mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: a re-evaluation of processes and patterns. Adv. Ecol. Res, 30: 2–67.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, J.M., Ingram, J.S.I. 1989. Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility: A handbook of methods CAB International, Wallingford, UK.Google Scholar
  4. Berger, T.W., Neubauer, C., Glatzel, G. 2002. Factors controlling soil carbon and nitrogen stores in pure stands of Norway spruce (Picea abies) and mixed species stands in Austria. For. Ecol. Manage, 159: 3–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Binkley, D, Ryan, M. G. 1998. Net primary production and nutrient cycling in replicated stands of Eucalyptus saligna and Albizia facaltaria. Forest ecology and management, 112: 79–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cattle, H., Crossley, J. 1995. Modelling arctic climate change. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond (A), 352: 201–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chapin, F.S., Shaver, G.R., Giblin, A.E., Nadelhoffer, K.J., Laundre, J.A. 1995. Responses of arctic tundra to experimental and observed changes in climate. Ecology, 76: 694–711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen, X.W., Li, B.L. 2003. Change in soil carbon and nutrient storage after human disturbance of a primary Korean pine forest in Northeast China. Forest ecology and management, 186: 197–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Claudine Dolt, Marcel Goverde, Bruno Baur. 2005. Effects of experimental small-scale habitat fragmentation on above-and below-ground plant biomass in calcareous grasslands. Acta Oecologica 27: 49–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cromack, K.Jr, Miller, R.E., Helgerson, O.T., et al. 1999. Soil carbon and nutrients in a coastal Oregon Douglas-fir plantation with red alder. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J,. 63: 232–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Davidson, E.A., Matson, P.A., Vitousek, P.M. 1993. Processed regulating soil emission of NO and N2O in a seasonally dry tropical forest. Ecology, 74: 130–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. De Camargo, P. B., Trumbore, S. E., Martinelli, L.A., et al. 1999. Soil carbon dynamics in regrowing forest of eastern Amazonia. Global Change Biology, 5: 693–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Frossard, E., Brossard, M., Hedley, M.J. 1995. Reactions controlling the cycling of P in soils. In: Tiessen, H. (Ed.), Phosphorus in the Global Environment: Transfers, Cycles and Management. New York: Ellis Horwood Chichester, 23–27.Google Scholar
  14. Gang Wu, Jing Wei, Hongbing Deng, et al. 2006. Nutrient cycling in an Alpine tundra ecosystem on Changbai Mountain, Northeast China. Applied soil Ecology, 32(2): 199–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gastine, A., Roy, J., Leadley, P.W. 2003. Plant biomass production and soil nitrogen in mixtures and monocultures of old field Mediterranean annuals. Acta Oecologica, 24: 65–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Glazebrook, H.S., Robertson, A.I. 1999. The effects of flooding and flood timing on leaf litter breakdown rates and nutrient dynamics in a river red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) forest. Aust. J. Ecol. 24: 625–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gordon, C., Wynn, J.M., Woodin, S.J. 2001. Impacts of increased nitrogen supply on high arctic health: the importance of bryophytes and phosphorus availability. New Phytologist, 149: 461–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Guo, L.B., Gifford, R.M. 2002. Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta analysis. Global Change Biol, 8: 345–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Holmer, M., Storkholm, P. 2001. Sulphate reduction and sulphur cycling in lake sediments: a review. Freshwater Biol. 46(4): 431–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jiang Ping, Ye Ji, Deng H.B., Cui G.F. 2003. Variations of population structure and important value of the main edificators along the elevation gradient on the northern slope of Changbai Mountain. Journal of Forestry Research, 14(2): 117–121.Google Scholar
  21. Joanna, F.D., Mary, C.S., Straker, C.J. 2002. Nutrient cycling in a Pinus patula plantation in the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. Applied soil ecology, 20: 211–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Johannisson, C., Myrold, D.D., Högberg, P. 1999. Retention of nitrogen by a nitrogen-loaded Scotch pine forest. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 63: 383–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jonasson, S., Michelsen, A. 1996. Nutrient cycling in subarctic and arctic ecosystems, with special reference to the Abisko and Torneträsk region. Ecol. Bull., 45: 45–52.Google Scholar
  24. Laurance, W.F., Fearnside, P.M, Laurance, S.G. 1999. Relationship between soils and Amazon forest biomass: a landscape-scale study. Forest Ecology and Management, 118: 127–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Marriott, C. A., Bolton, G. R., Fisher, J. M. et al. 2005. Short-term changes in soil nutrients and vegetation biomass and nutrient content following the introduction of extensive management in upland sown swards in Scotland, UK. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 106(4): 331–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Montes, N., Ballini, C., Bonin, G., et al. 2004. A comparative study of aboveground biomass of three Mediterranean species in a post-fire succession. Acta Oecologica, 25: 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nadelhoffer, K.J., Johnson, L., Laundre, J., et al. 2002. Fine root production and nutrient stock in wet and moist arctic tundra as influenced by chronic fertilization. Plant and Soil, 242: 107–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Návar. J, Nájera. J, Jurado. E. 2001. Preliminary estimates of biomass growth in the Tamaulipan thornscrub in north-eastern Mexico. J. Arid Environ, 47: 281–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Piatek, K.B., Allen, H.L. 1999. Nitrogen mineralisation in a pine plantation fifteen years after harvesting and site preparation. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 63: 990–998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ranger, J., Marques, R, Colin-Belgrand, M., Flammang, N., Gelhaye, D. 1995. The dynamics of biomass and nutrient accumulation in a Douglas-fir stand studied using a chronosequence approach. Forest Ecology and Management, 72: 167–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schmidt, I.K., Jonasson, S., Michelsen, A. 1999. Mineralization and microbial immobilization of N and P in arctic soils in relation to season, temperature and nutrient amendment. Applied Soil Ecology, 11: 147–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shao, GuoFan, Qian, Hong, Liu, Qi. 1992. The biomass of early spring herb in Korean pine-broadleaf forest in Changbai Mountain. In: Wang Zhan. ed. Forest Ecosystem Research. China Forestry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  33. Shao, G.F., Zhao, G., Zhao, S., et al. 1996. Forest cover types derived from landsat TM imagery for Changbai Mountain area of China. Can. J. For. Res, 26: 206–216.Google Scholar
  34. Turner, B.L., Baxter, R., Mahieu, N., et al. 2004. Phosphorus compounds in subarctic Fennoscandian soils at the mountain birch (Betula pubescens) tundra ecotone. Soil Biol. Biochem, 36: 815–823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wei Jing, Wu Gang, Deng Hongbing. 2004. Researches on nutrient return of litterfall in the alpine tundra ecosystem of Changbai Mountains. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 24(10): 2211–2216. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  36. Wei Jing, Wu Gang, Deng Hongbing, Zhao J.Z. 2004a. Spatial pattern of soil carbon and nutrient storage at the alpine tundra ecosystem of Changbai Mountain, China. Journal of Forestry Research, 15(4): 249–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wei Jing, Wu Gang, Deng Hongbing. 2004b. Vegetation biomass distribution characteristics of alpine tundra ecosystem in Changbai Mountains. Chinese Journal of applied ecology, 15(11): 1999–2004. (in Chinese)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Wei Jing, Deng Hongbing, Wu Gang, et al. 2005. The distribution of soil carbon and nutrients in alpine tundra ecosystem on the northern slope of Changbai Mountains. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 36(6): 840–845. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  39. Wu, G., Zhao, J.Z., Shao, G.F. 2002. Carbon cycling of alpine tundra ecosystem on Changbai Mountains and its comparison study with arctic tundra. Science in China (D edition), 45(10): 903–910.Google Scholar
  40. Xu, Z.A. 1992. A periodic summary of the research on forest ecosystems on Changbai Mountain. Research on Forest Ecosystems, 6: 1–13.Google Scholar
  41. Zou, X., Binkley, D., Caldwell, B.A. 1995. Effects of dinitrogen-fixing trees on phosphorus biogeochemical cycling in contrasting forests. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 59: 1452–1458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Jing 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jiang Ping 
    • 1
    • 3
  • Yu De-yong 
    • 1
  • Wu Gang 
    • 1
  • Fu Hai-wei 
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP. R. China
  2. 2.Institute of Life SciencesQingdao University of Science & TechnologyQingdaoP. R. China
  3. 3.Institute of Applied EcologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangP. R. China

Personalised recommendations