Advertisement

Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 128–132 | Cite as

Inhibitory effects of Albizia lebbeck leaf extracts on germination and growth behavior of some popular agricultural crops

  • Mohammad Belal Uddin
  • Romel Ahmed
  • Sharif Ahmed Mukul
  • Mohammed Kamal Hossain
Article

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to observe the inhibitory effects of the leaf extracts derived from Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. on germination and growth behavior of some popular agricultural crops (receptor) of Bangladesh. Experiments were set on sterilized petridishes with a photoperiod of 24 h at room temperature of 27–30°C. The effects of the different concentrations of aqueous extracts were compared to distil water (control.). The aqueous extracts of leaf caused significant inhibitory effect on germination, root and shoot elongation and development of lateral roots of receptor plants. Bioassays indicated that the inhibitory effect was proportional to the concentrations of the extracts and higher concentration (50%–100%) had the stronger inhibitory effect whereas the lower concentration (10%–25%) showed stimulatory effect in some cases. The study also revealed that, inhibitory effect was much pronounced in root and lateral root development rather than germination and shoot growth.

Keywords

Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth Allelopathic effect Leaf extracts Germination Growth behavior 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Benthal, A.P. 1933. The trees of Calcutta and its neighborhood. London: Thacker-Spink and Co. Ltd.. pp140–225.Google Scholar
  2. Chaturvedi, O.P., and Jha, A.N. 1992. Studies on allelopathic potential of an important agroforestry species. Forest Ecology and Management, 53: 91–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chou, C.H. 1992. Allelopathy in relation to agricultural productivity in Taiwan: Problems and Prospects. In: Rizvi, S.J.H. and Rizvi, V. (eds.), Allelopathy: Basic and Applied Aspects. London: Chapman and Hall, pp179–204.Google Scholar
  4. Chou, C.H. and Kuo, Y.L. 1984. Allelopathic exclusion of understory by Leucaena leucocephala (Lam) de Wit. J. Chem. Ecol., 12: 1431–1448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chou, C.H., and Waller, G.R. 1980. Possible allelopathic constituents of Coffea Arabica. J. Chem. Ecol., 6: 643–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Daniel, W.G. 1999. Historical review and current models of forest succession and interference. Florida: CRC Press, pp237–251.Google Scholar
  7. Das, D.K. and Alam, M.K. 2001. Trees of Bangladesh. Bangladesh: Bangladesh Forest Research Institute (BFRI), Chittagong, pp25–26.Google Scholar
  8. Einhellig, F.A. and Rusmussen, J.A. 1978. Synergistic inhibitory effects of vanilic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids on radish and grain sorghum. J. Chem. Ecol., 4: 425–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gaba, R.K. 1987. Role of allelopathy in social forestry. In: Khosla, P.K. and Kohli, R.K.(eds.), Social forestry for rural development. Solan,: ISTS, pp 228–234.Google Scholar
  10. Jadhav, B.B. and Gaynar, D.G. 1992. Allelopathic effects of Acacia auriculiformis on germination of rice and cowpea. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 35: 86–89.Google Scholar
  11. Joshi, P.C. and Prakash, O. 1992. Allelopathic effects of litter extract of some tree species on germination and seedling growth of agricultural crops. In: Tauro, P., Narwal, S.S. (eds.), Proceedings of the First National Symposium on Allelopathy in Agroecosystem, Hisar, India: Indian Society of Alleolopathy, pp127–128.Google Scholar
  12. Khan, M.S. and Alam, M.K. 1996. Homestead Flora of Bangladesh. Bangladesh: BARC, IDRC, SDC, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp 37–38.Google Scholar
  13. King, K.F.S. 1979. Agroforestry and the utilization of fragile ecosystems. Forest Ecology Management, 2: 161–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Koul, V.K., Raina, A., Khanna, Y.P. Tickoo, M.L. and Singh, H. 1991. Evaluation of allelopathic influence of certain farm grown tree species on rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. PC-19). Indian Journal of Forestry, 14: 54–57.Google Scholar
  15. NAS. 1979. Tropical legumes: Resources for the future. Washington D.C: National Academy of Science, Washington D.C., 331p.Google Scholar
  16. Prinsen, J.H. 1986. Potential of Albizia Lebbeck (Mimosaceae) as a tropical fodder tree — a review of literature. Trop. Grasslands, 20(2): 78–83.Google Scholar
  17. Prinsen, J.H. 1988. Albizia Lebbeck — A promising fodder tree for semi-arid regions. Nirtogen fixation tree highlights series 11. Hawai: Nitrogen Fixation Tree Association (NFTA), pp 88–93.Google Scholar
  18. Rho, B.J. and Kil, B.S. 1986. Influence of phytotoxin from Pinus rigida on the selected plants. Journal of Natural Science, 5: 19–27.Google Scholar
  19. Rice, E.L. 1984. Allelopathy (second edition). Orlando, Florida: Academic Press, 422p.Google Scholar
  20. Rizvi, S.J. Sinha, H.R.C. and Rizvi, V. 1990. Implication of mimosine allelopathy in agroforestry In Proc. 19 th World Congress on Forestry, 2: 22–27.Google Scholar
  21. Singh, R.P., and Nadal, D.P.S. 1993. Allelopathic effects of aqueous leaf extract of important agroforestry tree species on some fodder crops. Forage Research, 19: 59–61.Google Scholar
  22. Streets, R.J. 1962. Exotic Forest Trees in the British Commonwealth. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp169–170.Google Scholar
  23. Surendra, M.P. and Pota, K.B. 1978. The allelopathic potentials of root exudates from different ages of Celosia argenta Linn. Nat. Acad. Sci. Lett., 1(2): 56–58.Google Scholar
  24. Swaminathan, C., Rai, R.S.V., and Suresh, K.K. 1989. Allelopathic potentialities of Acacia nilotica (L.) wills ex Del. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2: 56–60.Google Scholar
  25. Swami-Rao, N. and Reddy, P.C. 1984. Studies on the inhibitory effect of Eucalyptus (hybrid) leaf extracts on the germination of certain food crops. Indian Forester, 110 (2): 218–222.Google Scholar
  26. Uddin, M.B., Ahmed, R. and Hossain, M.K. 2000. Allelopathic potential of water extracts of Leocaena leococephala leaf on some agricultural crops in Bangladesh. The Chittagong University Journal of Science, 24(1): 121–127.Google Scholar
  27. Waller, G.R. (ed.). 1987. Allelochemicals: Role in Agriculture and Forestry. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society, ACS Symposium Series-330, 606p.Google Scholar
  28. Williamson, G.B. 1990. Allelopathy, Koch’s postulates and the neck riddle. In: Grace, J.B. and Tilman, D. (eds.), Perspective on plant competition. New York: Academic Press, New York, pp143–162.Google Scholar
  29. Zackrisson, O. and Nilsson, M.C. 1992. Allelopathic effects by Empetrum hermaphroditum on seed germination of two boreal tree species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 22: 44–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Belal Uddin
    • 1
  • Romel Ahmed
    • 1
  • Sharif Ahmed Mukul
    • 1
  • Mohammed Kamal Hossain
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forestry, School of Agriculture and Mineral SciencesShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh
  2. 2.Institute of Forestry and Environmental SciencesChittagong UniversityChittagongBangladesh

Personalised recommendations