Chinese Journal of Cancer Research

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 3–9 | Cite as

Cancer incidence and mortality in China, 2006

  • Wan-qing ChenEmail author
  • Si-wei Zhang
  • Xiao-nong Zou
  • Ping Zhao
Original Article



To describe the cancer incidence and mortality rates in 2006 and evaluate the cancer burden in China.


Cancer registration data in 2006 from 34 cancer registries were collected, evaluated and pooled to calculate cancer incidence and mortality rates. The data analyses included mortality to incidence ratio (MI), morphological verification percentage (MV%) and proportion of death certification only (DCO%). Cumulative incidence and mortality rates were calculated using crude data, age-standardized data, and specific data for cancer site, age, sex and area (urban or rural).


In 2006, 34 registries with qualified registration data covered a total population of 59,567,322 (46,558,108 in urban areas and 13,009,214 in rural areas). The crude and age-standardized cancer incidence rates were 273.66 per 100,000 and 190.54 per 100,000, respectively. The crude and age-standardized cancer mortality rates were 175.70 per 100,000 and 117.67 per 100,000, respectively. Cancers of lung, stomach, colon and rectum, liver, and breast in female were the five most common forms of cancer in China, which accounted for 58.99% of all new cancer cases. Lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer death, followed by stomach cancer, liver cancer, esophageal cancer and colorectal cancer.


Cancer is still an important public health issue in China with an increasing disease burden. Specifically, the incidence rates for lung cancer, colorectal cancer and breast cancer were increasing, but those for stomach cancer and esophageal cancer were decreasing. However, age-specific incidence rate remained stable, indicating that the aging population was the major source of the increasing cancer burden.

Key words

Cancer Cancer registration Incidence Mortality 


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Copyright information

© Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wan-qing Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Si-wei Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiao-nong Zou
    • 1
  • Ping Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.National Office for Cancer Prevention and Control/National Central Cancer Registry, Cancer InstituteChinese Academy of Medical SciencesBeijingChina

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