Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 120–126 | Cite as

On the Solubility of Group IV Elements (Ti, Zr, Hf) in Liquid Aluminum Below 800°C

  • O. DezellusEmail author
  • B. Gardiola
  • J. Andrieux


The solubility of group IV transition metals Ti, Zr, and Hf in liquid Al was measured by the settling technique coupled with ICP-AES analysis after dissolution in hydrochloric acid. The kinetic aspect of the settling technique was studied in order to show that, after a cooling step, thermodynamic equilibrium between the liquid and solid phases could be achieved after only 1 h. Finally, it was verified that solubility values obtained after a cooling or a heating step were fully consistent. The present results demonstrate that the immersion-and-settling technique allows reliable solubility values to be determined. The results confirm the values previously reported in the literature and the good description for the three binaries by the existing CALPHAD optimizations concerning the liquidus below 800°C.


aluminum alloys binary system experimental techniques liquidus 



The authors are grateful to the inorganic analysis team of Dr. Ayouni of the Analytical Sciences Institute for chemical analyses, “Centre Technologique des Microstructures, Université Lyon 1” for SEM and EPMA characterizations and Dr. Jeanneau from the “Centre de diffractométrie Henri Longchambon (Université Lyon1)” for the single-crystal data analyzes. The authors gratefully acknowledge the members of these organizations for their help and Marc Lomello-Tafin and Amin Janghorban for providing Al3Zr and fruitful discussions.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1Villeurbanne CedexFrance

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