Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 198–205 | Cite as

Diffusion of Germanium in Binary and Multicomponent Nickel Alloys

  • Ralf Rettig
  • Susanne Steuer
  • Robert F. Singer
Basic and Applied Research


Interdiffusion and impurity diffusion of Ge is studied in Ni and multicomponent alloys over the temperature range of 1150-1250 °C. The diffusion is investigated using diffusion couples, which are evaluated using microprobe measurements. The interdiffusion coefficients are calculated with the den Broeder method, while the impurity diffusion coefficients are determined with the Hall method. A model for the diffusion simulation software DICTRA is developed by mobility assessments. Further on, the diffusion of Ge in the multicomponent superalloys PWA1483 and René N5 is investigated. The Ge diffusion coefficient in René N5 is 4.5 × 10−14 m2/s at 1180 °C which is similar to other alloying elements such as Co, Cr, Mo or Ta.


assessment CALPHAD diffusion germanium nickel 



This work has received funds for the project GT6 of the KW21/1 framework from the German State Governments of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg and from the German Science Foundation (DFG) for the project MM3 in the framework of the Research Training Group 1229/1. Karl Nigge is acknowledged for help with the diffusion couples and for performing the EPMA measurements.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralf Rettig
    • 1
  • Susanne Steuer
    • 1
  • Robert F. Singer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Institute of Metals Science and TechnologyUniversity of ErlangenErlangenGermany

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